Contents

TranslingualEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – laying out goods for sale. The top is the roof, the middle is derived from – four shapes in a square (goods for sale), while the bottom is cognate to ‎(cloth) – an unfurled cloth, with goods on top (or the cloth itself for sale).

Han characterEdit

(radical 44 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 尸廿女 (STV), four-corner 77232)

  1. open, unfold
  2. stretch, extend

Related charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

  • (graphically similar lower right component)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 302, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7715
  • Dae Jaweon: page 599, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 974, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5C55

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂan²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂan²¹³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂan¹³/
/t͡san¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /tʃã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂan⁵³/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂã⁵³/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂan⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂan⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡san⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡san⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡san⁴²/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡saŋ²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sæ̃²⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂən²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sø³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sø⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷõ⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕie³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂə̃⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕyẽ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡san³¹/
Taoyuan /tʃɑn³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sin³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sin³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sin³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tian⁵³/
/tʰĩ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tieŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡saŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tiaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sin²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (9)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiᴇnX/ /ȶi̯ɛnX/ /ȶiɛnX/ /ʈiɛnX/ /ʈianX/ /ȶĭɛnX/ /ȶjænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǎn ‹ trjenX › /*trenʔ/ roll over; unfold
zhǎn ‹ trjenH › /*tra[n]-s/ ritual robe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16782 2 /*tenʔ/
16785 2 𩥇 /*tens/ 原從古體四工,集韻或體作此

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. unfold
  2. expand

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana まこと, romaji Makoto)

  1. A male given name

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana てん, romaji -ten)

  1. exhibition

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(triển, chẽn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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