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ChineseEdit

fast; quick; swift
 
music; happy; laugh; cheerful
trad. (快樂)
simp. (快乐)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 3/3
Initial () (29) (37)
Final () (30) (103)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠuaiH/ /lɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷᵚaiH/ /lɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuaiH/ /lɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwaɨjsH/ /lak̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰuaiH/ /lɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰwæiH/ /lɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰwaiH/ /lɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuài luò
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuài
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwæjH › ‹ lak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰˁret-s/ /*[r]ˁawk/
English cheerful joy; enjoy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/3
No. 4407 7673
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷraːds/ /*raːwɢ/

AdjectiveEdit

快樂

  1. happy; joyful; cheerful
    助人快樂 / 助人快乐  ―  Zhùrén wéi kuàilè zhī běn.  ―  Helping others is the key to happiness.

SynonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

快樂

  1. happily; joyfully; cheerfully
    快樂學習 / 快乐学习  ―  kuàilè xuéxí  ―  to have a happy learning experience
    從此幸福快樂日子 [MSC, trad.]
    从此幸福快乐日子 [MSC, simp.]
    cóngcǐ guò zhe xìngfú kuàilè de rìzi [Pinyin]
    to live happily ever after

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (快樂):
  • Japanese:  (かい) (らく) (kairaku)
  • Korean: 쾌락 (快樂, kwaerak)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 5
らく
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

NounEdit

快樂 (hiragana かいらく, rōmaji kairaku)

  1. Kyūjitai form of 快楽 (pleasure)

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

快樂 (kwaerak) (hangeul 쾌락)

  1. Hanja form? of 쾌락 (pleasure; delight).