Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

ChineseEdit

fortunate; lucky
 
good fortune; happiness; luck; Fujian province (abbrev); a surname
simp. and trad.
(幸福)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
幸福

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (33) (1)
Final () (117) (4)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛŋX/ /pɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæŋX/ /piuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɐŋX/ /piuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəɨjŋX/ /puwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣɛŋX/ /piuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣæŋX/ /pĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣæŋX/ /pi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hèng fu

AdjectiveEdit

幸福

  1. (of one's life, circumstances, etc.) blessed and satisfactory; consummate; joyful; (of a person) living a blessed and contented life
    幸福  ―  Zhù nǐ xìngfú.  ―  Wish you happiness.
    幸福家庭  ―  xìngfú de jiātíng  ―  happy family
    幸福童年  ―  xìngfú de tóngnián  ―  happy childhood
    幸福婚姻  ―  xìngfú de hūnyīn  ―  happy marriage
    從此幸福快樂日子 / 从此幸福快乐日子  ―  cóngcǐ guò zhe xìngfú kuàilè de rìzi  ―  to live happily ever after

Usage notesEdit

The meaning of this word is difficult to render accurately in English. It is typically glossed as “happy; happiness” in dictionaries, however, a sharp distinction between 幸福 and some of the other words for “happy” is made in Chinese.

Xingfu typically refers to a state of long-term happiness with one's life, and implies having a loving family, spouse, or a sense of general well-being. This is in contrast to words such as 開心开心 (kāixīn) and 快樂快乐 (kuàilè), which refer to a state of fleeting happiness, or a relatively short elevation in mood that comes with certain news, event, activity, etc.

NounEdit

幸福

  1. sense of contentment stemming from having a blessed and fulfilled life; blissful life or living circumstances; happiness
    幸福 / 幸福  ―  shài xìngfú  ―  to show off one's moments of happiness (on social media)
    婚姻幸福  ―  hūnyīn xìngfú  ―  to have a happy marriage
    追求幸福  ―  zhuīqiú xìngfú  ―  to pursue happiness
    創造幸福 / 创造幸福  ―  chuàngzào xìngfú  ―  to create happiness in life
    一點一滴幸福 / 一点一滴幸福  ―  yīdiǎnyīdī de xìngfú  ―  every little bits of happiness in life

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (幸福):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 3
ふく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

幸福 (-na inflection, hiragana こうふく, rōmaji kōfuku, historical hiragana かうふく)

  1. happy

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

幸福 (hiragana こうふく, rōmaji kōfuku, historical hiragana かうふく)

  1. happiness

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

幸福 (haengbok) (hangeul 행복)

  1. Hanja form? of 행복, “happiness”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

幸福

  1. Hán tự form of hạnh phúc, “happiness