生日

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(生日)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (生日, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋ/ /ʂɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɯaŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃaŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪt̚/ /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/ /ȵiĕt̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵʑĭĕt̚/ /ȵʑjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (生日, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shēng ‹ sræng › /*sreŋ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live
shēng ‹ sræng › /*sreŋ/ fresh, raw
shēng ‹ srjæng › /*sreŋ (or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live
‹ nyit › /*C.nik/ sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11312 0 /*sʰleːŋ/
11322 0 /*sreŋs/
10845 2 /*njiɡ/

NounEdit

生日

  1. birthday
    特意生日 [MSC, trad.]
    特意生日 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè shì wǒ tèyì wèi nǐ shēngrì ér zuò de. [Pinyin]
    I made this specially for your birthday.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (生日):

JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
いく
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

生日 ‎(hiragana いくひ, romaji ikuhi)

  1. lively day
  2. auspicious day

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 1
じつ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

生日 ‎(hiragana せいじつ, romaji seijitsu)

  1. birthday

Usage notesEdit

  • This usage is rather obscure. 誕生日 is far more common.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • 聖名祝日 (せいめいしゅくじつ, seimei shukujitsu)

External linksEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

生日 ‎(saeng-il) ‎(hangeul 생일)

  1. Hanja form? of 생일, “birthday”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

生日

  1. Hán tự form of sinh nhật, "birthday"
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