See also:
U+6DF1, 深
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6DF1

[U+6DF0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6DF2]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水月金木 (EBCD), four-corner 37194, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 632, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17687
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1034, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1662, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6DF1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljum, *hljums): semantic  (water) + phonetic 𥥍.

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “is there any relation to ?”)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhim - vernacular;
  • sim - literary.
Note:
  • cim1 - Chaozhou;
  • cing1 - Chenghai.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂən⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂən⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ʂən²¹/
    /sən²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʃə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
    Xi'an /ʂẽ²¹/
    Xining /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /ʂɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sən⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʂən³¹/
    Hefei /ʂən²¹/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /səŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /ʂəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /səŋ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sen³³/
    Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /ɕian¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂən³³/
    Xiangtan /ʂən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰəm⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰem²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐm⁵³/
    Nanning /sɐm⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sɐm⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sim⁵⁵/
    /t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sim²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (26) (26)
    Final () (139) (139)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiɪm/ /ɕiɪmH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕim/ /ɕimH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjem/ /ɕjemH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕim/ /ɕimH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiəm/ /ɕiəmH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭĕm/ /ɕĭĕmH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯əm/ /ɕi̯əmH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shēn shèn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shēn shēn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syim › ‹ syimH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[l̥][ə]m/ /*[l̥][ə]m-s/
    English deep depth

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 11255 11256
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3 3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljum/ /*hljums/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (of distance) deep
      Antonym: (qiǎn)
    2. depth; deepness
    3. (of relationships, etc.) deep; profound
    4. (of difficulty) great; profound; obtuse; obscure
      / [Cantonese]  ―  Ni1 jat1 tai4 hou2 sam1. [Jyutping]  ―  This question is really hard to solve.
      [Cantonese, trad.]
      [Cantonese, simp.]
      Bun2 syu1 taai3 sam1 laa3, ngo5 duk6 gik6 dou1 m4 ming4. [Jyutping]
      This book is too hard; I still can't get it after reading it many times.
    5. (of time) long
    6. (of colors) deep; dark
      Synonym: (nóng)
      Antonyms: (qiǎn), (dàn)
    7. very; extremely
      Synonym: 非常 (fēicháng)

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. deep, close, thick, profound

    ReadingsEdit

    Derived termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (sim) (hangeul , revised sim, McCune–Reischauer sim, Yale sim)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thâm, thăm, thum, thẫm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.