See also: 独立

ChineseEdit

 
alone; independent; single
alone; independent; single; sole; only
set up; to stand
trad. (獨立)
simp. (独立)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (7) (37)
Final () (3) (141)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duk̚/ /liɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/duk̚/ /lip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/duk̚/ /ljep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəwk̚/ /lip̚/
Li
Rong
/duk̚/ /liəp̚/
Wang
Li
/duk̚/ /lĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuk̚/ /li̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ duwk › ‹ lip ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˁok/ /*k.rəp/
English alone; only stand (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11818 7869
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doːɡ/ /*rɯb/

VerbEdit

獨立

  1. to be independent; to stand alone

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

獨立

  1. independent

NounEdit

獨立

  1. independence
    宣布獨立 / 宣布独立  ―  xuānbù dúlì  ―  to declare independence

AdverbEdit

獨立

  1. independently; on one's own

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (獨立):
  • Japanese: 独立(どくりつ) (dokuritsu)
  • Korean: 독립 (獨立, dongnip)
  • Vietnamese: độc lập (獨立)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
どく
Hyōgaiji
りつ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [do̞kɯ̟ᵝɾʲit͡sɨᵝ]

NounEdit

獨立(どくりつ) (dokuritsu (kyūjitai, shinjitai 独立)

  1. Kyūjitai form of 独立 (independence)

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

獨立 (dongnip) (hangeul 독립)

  1. Hanja form? of 독립 (independence).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

獨立

  1. Hán tự form of độc lập (independence).

AdjectiveEdit

獨立

  1. Hán tự form of độc lập (independent).