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U+79C0, 秀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79C0
禿
[U+79BF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79C1]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 115 +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹木弓竹尸 (HDNHS), four-corner 20227, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 849, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24911
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1270, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2589, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+79C0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Barley ear.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Chu Bamboo and silk script Small seal script Liushutong script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰoːs, *hljuɡ
*luʔ
*luʔ
*luʔ, *slus, *lus
*luʔ, *slus
*slus
*slus

Pictogram (象形):  (plant) + , resembling a fruit/an ear hanging off a plant.

EtymologyEdit

May be a causative of (OC *ljɯws, *lɯws, “growth of seedlings”). Compare Proto-Vietic *m-loh (to blossom) (whence Vietnamese trổ (to burst, to open, to display), lổ (naked)), and Khmer លាស់ (léas, to grow, to blossom, to prosper).

The meaning of “show” [noun] is a phono-semantic matching of English show.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/siəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/suwH/
Li
Rong
/siuH/
Wang
Li
/sĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s-l]u(ʔ)-s/
English to flower

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13934
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slus/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of plants) to shoot out into ears; earing; ear
    而不實 / 而不实  ―  xiù'érbùshí  ―  to put forth flowers but bear no fruit
  2. (of plants) to bear fruit
  3. (of plants) to blossom
  4. beautiful; elegant; graceful
    /   ―  xiù  ―  pretty
      ―  xiùměi  ―  elegant
    眉清目  ―  méiqīngmùxiù  ―  with delicate features
  5. to manifest; to show; to display
      ―  xiùchū  ―  to show
  6. (especially of a person) outstanding; prominent; extraordinary
    /   ―  yōuxiù  ―  excellent
      ―  jùnxiù  ―  elegant; pretty
  7. (loanword) a show
    脫口 / 脱口  ―  tuōkǒuxiù  ―  talk show
    時裝 / 时装  ―  shízhuāngxiù  ―  fashion show

SynonymsEdit

  • (a show): (Cantonese) (sou1)

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  (しゅ) (shu)
  • Korean: (, su)
  • Vietnamese: ()

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: S
on’yomi

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana しゅう, rōmaji Shū)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.