秀 (Kangxi radical 115, 禾+2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹木弓竹尸 (HDNHS), four-corner 20227, composition ⿱禾乃)
- KangXi: page 849, character 3
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24911
- Dae Jaweon: page 1270, character 16
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2589, character 4
- Unihan data for U+79C0
|Historical forms of the character 秀|
|Warring States||Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)||Liushutong (compiled in Ming)|
|Chu slip and silk script||Small seal script||Transcribed ancient scripts|
From an earlier form 𥝙, attested in the stone drum inscriptions (石鼓文 (shígǔwén)) from the Warring States period.
According to Chi (2010), the character is an ideogrammic compound (會意): 禾 (“rice plant”) + 引 (“to draw out flowers”) — blooming of a rice plant. The Shuihudi Qin bamboo texts (睡簡) recorded this character as ⿱禾引. The bottom component 弓 found in the stone drum inscriptions is likely a reduction of 引.
Xu Kai (徐鍇), the author of 《說文解字繫傳》 (10th century AD) gave the following explanation: Pictogram (象形): 禾 (“plant”) + 乃, resembling a fruit/an ear hanging off a plant.
Shuowen states that this character was tabooed at that time (2nd century AD) and so did not elaborate on its origin, due to it being the birth name of Emperor Guangwu of Han.
May be a causative of 褎 (OC *lɯws, “growth of seedlings”). Compare Proto-Vietic *m-loh (“to blossom”) (whence Vietnamese trổ (“to burst, to open, to display”), lổ (“naked”)), and Khmer លាស់ (lŏəh, “to grow, to blossom, to prosper”).
- † (of plants, especially of crops) to shoot out into ears; earing; ear
- † (of plants) to bear fruit
- † (of plants) to blossom
- beautiful; elegant; graceful
- (especially of a person) outstanding; prominent; extraordinary
Phono-semantic matching of English show. Doublet of 騷／骚 (sāo)
- to manifest; to show; to display
- 秀出 ― xiùchū ― to show
|Kanji in this term|
- a male given name
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