U+900F, 透
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-900F

[U+900E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9010]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 162, +7, 11 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 10 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 卜竹木尸 (YHDS), four-corner 32302, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1257, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38876
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1742, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3842, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+900F

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *l̥ʰoːs, *hljuɡ): semantic (walking) + phonetic (OC *slus).

This character is not attested in the oracle bone script or bronze inscriptions.

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note:
  • thàu - vernacular;
  • thò͘/thiò/thò - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter thuwH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰəuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰəuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰəuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰəwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰəuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tòu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    tau3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13929
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰoːs/

    Definitions edit

    1. to penetrate; to pass through
    2. to show; to reveal
    3. to disclose
    4. thoroughly; completely
    5. clear andthorough
    6. (Cantonese) transparent
    7. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of (MC thuwH)
    8. (Jin or Internet slang, vulgar, derogatory) fuck
        ―  Tòu nǐ mā!  ―  Fuck your mother!
    Synonyms edit

    Compounds edit

    Pronunciation 2 edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter syuwk
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕuwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    suk1
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13939
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljuɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions edit

    1. (obsolete) startled; alarmed; disturbed

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Shinjitai
    Kyūjitai
    [1][2]

    透󠄁
    +󠄁?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
     
    透󠄃
    +󠄃?
    (Hanyo-Denshi)
    (Moji_Joho)
    The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
    See here for details.

    Kanji edit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. transparent
    2. permeable, porous
    3. passable, (in the sense of objects spaced far enough apart to allow something in-between)

    Readings edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC thuwH); compare Mandarin (tòu):

    From Middle Chinese (MC syuwk); compare Mandarin (shū):

    From native Japanese roots:

    Compounds edit

    Proper noun edit

    (とおる) (Tōru

    1. a unisex given name

    (すける) (Sukeru

    1. a male given name

    References edit

    1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024
    2. ^ 1914, 漢和大辭書 (Kanwa Dai Jisho, “The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 2102 (paper), page 1103 (digital), Tōkyō: 興文社 (Kōbunsha)

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC thuwH).

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 사무칠 (samuchil tu))

    1. Hanja form? of (transparent).
    2. Hanja form? of (permeable; pass through).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: thấu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.