竿 U+7AFF, 竿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AFF

[U+7AFE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B00]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

竿 (radical 118, +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹一十 (HMJ), four-corner 88401, composition𥫗)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 878, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25854
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1306, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2948, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7AFF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
竿
alternative forms second round simplified


Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːn): semantic (bamboo) + phonetic (OC *kaːn).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kan - literary;
  • koaⁿ - vernacular.
Note: go1 - semantic (original character is ).

Rime
Character 竿
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 竿
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kan ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁar/
English pole, rod

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 竿
Reading # 1/1
No. 3569
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

DefinitionsEdit

竿

  1. bamboo pole
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

竿

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. rod, pole
  2. beam

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
竿
さお
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

竿(さお) (saoさを (sawo)?

  1. pole
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
竿
かん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 竿 (MC kɑn).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

竿(かん) (-kan

  1. counter for poles

AffixEdit

竿(かん) (kan

  1. a pole; a bamboo pole

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

竿 (gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune–Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

竿: Hán Nôm readings: can, cần

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN