Open main menu

Wiktionary β

竿 U+7AFF, 竿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AFF

[U+7AFE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B00]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

竿 (radical 118 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹一十 (HMJ), four-corner 88401, composition𥫗)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 878, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25854
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1306, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2948, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7AFF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
竿
alt. forms second round simplified


Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krads, *krads, *ked, *kad
*kaːn
竿 *kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ, *kaːns, *ɡaːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns, *ɡraːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kʰaːn
*kʰaːn, *kʰaːns, *kreːn, *kan
*kʰaːnʔ, *kʰaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns, *ɦŋaːns, *ŋ̊ʰraːn
*ŋaːns, *hŋaːn, *ŋaːd
*ŋɡaːns
*qʰaːn, *ɢaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *qʰaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *ɡaːns
*qʰaːnʔ
*ɡaːn
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns, *kʰraːn
*ɡaːns, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡʷranʔ
*ɡraːns
*kan
*ɡan, *ɡʷad
*qʰan
*qʰan
*qʰaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːnʔ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kan - literary;
  • koaⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character 竿
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 竿
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kan ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤar/
English pole, rod

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 竿
Reading # 1/1
No. 3569
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

DefinitionsEdit

竿

  1. bamboo pole
  2. penis
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

竿

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. rod, pole
  2. beam

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
竿
さお
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

竿 (hiragana さお, rōmaji sao, historical hiragana さを)

  1. pole

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

竿 (gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

竿 (can, cần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN