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U+7B19, 笙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B19

[U+7B18]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B1A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 118, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹手一 (HHQM), four-corner 88104, composition)

  1. a sheng; a hand-held free-reed mouth organ made from a dried gourd and 13 or more bamboo pipes

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 879, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1307, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2955, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7B19

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11314
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sreŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
Chinese shēng (left) & Japanese shō (right)
Kanji in this term
しょう
Jinmeiyō
goon

/ɕau//ɕɔː//ɕoː/

From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠæŋ). The goon reading, so likely the original reading as first borrowed from Middle Chinese. Compare modern Mandarin (shēng).

The shō was developed from the Chinese shēng that was introduced to Japan during the Nara period.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しょう, rōmaji shō, historical hiragana しやう)

  1. a free-reed woodwind musical instrument consisting of a mouthpiece and seventeen pipes, each similar to an organ pipe
    Synonym: 鳳管 (hōkan‎)
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: sho

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
そう
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

/sau//sɔː//soː/

From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠæŋ). The kan'on, so likely a historically later reading.

Compare modern Cantonese (saang¹, sang¹).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana そう, rōmaji , historical hiragana さう)

  1. (obsolete) a free-reed woodwind musical instrument consisting of a mouthpiece and seventeen pipes, each similar to an organ pipe

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(saeng) (hangeul , revised saeng, McCune–Reischauer saeng, Yale sayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sanh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.