Last modified on 22 August 2014, at 19:32

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 118 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹手一 (HHQM), four-corner 88104, composition)

  1. a sheng; a hand-held free-reed mouth organ made from a dried gourd and 13 or more bamboo pipes

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 879, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1307, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2955, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7B19

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping saang1, sang1, Yale saang1, sang1)

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JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Chinese shēng (L) & Japanese shō (R)

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (/*shræng/). Goon, so likely the original reading as first borrowed from Middle Chinese. Compare modern Mandarin (shēng).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しょう, romaji shō, historical hiragana しゃう)

  1. (music) the sho
    A free-reed woodwind musical instrument consisting of a mouthpiece and seventeen pipes, each similar to an organ pipe. Developed from the Chinese shēng that was introduced to Japan during the Nara Period. Traditionally used to provide accompaniment in gagaku (traditional Japanese court music), and now also used in some contemporary music.
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese . Kan'on, so likely an historically later reading. Compare modern Cantonese (saang¹, sang¹). Seen in The Tale of Genji.

This reading is obsolete in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana そう, romaji , historical hiragana さう)

  1. (obsolete) the sho

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(saeng) (hangeul , revised saeng, McCune-Reischauer saeng, Yale sayng)

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CompoundsEdit


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin shēng (sheng1), Wade-Giles sheng1)

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CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*shræng, ṣạiŋ)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sanh)

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