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U+6C57, 汗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C57

[U+6C56]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C58]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一十 (EMJ), four-corner 31140, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 605, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17130
  • Dae Jaweon: page 999, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1550, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6C57

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krads, *krads, *ked, *kad
*kaːn
竿 *kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ, *kaːns, *ɡaːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns, *ɡraːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kʰaːn
*kʰaːn, *kʰaːns, *kreːn, *kan
*kʰaːnʔ, *kʰaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns, *ɦŋaːns, *ŋ̊ʰraːn
*ŋaːns, *hŋaːn, *ŋaːd
*ŋɡaːns
*qʰaːn, *ɢaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *qʰaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *ɡaːns
*qʰaːnʔ
*ɡaːn
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns, *kʰraːn
*ɡaːns, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡʷranʔ
*ɡraːns
*kan
*ɡan, *ɡʷad
*qʰan
*qʰan
*qʰaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kaːn).

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-(k/ŋ)rul (sweat). Compare Tibetan རྔུལ (rngul, sweat).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gâng - vernacular;
  • hâng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kōaⁿ - vernacular;
    • hān - literary.
    Note:
    • guan7 - vernacular;
    • hang2 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    hàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.[ɡ]ˁa[r]-s/
    English sweat (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 3616
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. sweat; perspiration (Classifier: )
      /   ―  Wǒ zhèng liú zhe hàn.  ―  I'm dripping with sweat.
      /   ―  chū le yī tóu dà hàn  ―  to sweat so much that the head is drenched
    2. (literary) to sweat; to perspire
    3. (literary) condensation on bamboo when put over fire
    4. (Internet slang) Word used to express embarrassment, speechlessness or helplessness.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hán
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 3612
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Short for 可汗 (kèhán).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kan/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gān
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 3573
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 餘汗馀汗.

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. sweat

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あせ, rōmaji ase)

    1. sweat

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑn, kɑn, ɦɑnH).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji kan)

    1. Synonym of ハン (han): khan

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji kan)

    1. sweat

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    2. ^ 2002, 京阪系アクセント辞典 (A Dictionary of Tone on Words of the Keihan-type Dialects) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Bensei, →ISBN
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (han))

    1. ( 한, ttam-): sweat
    2. ( 질펀할 한, mul-jilpeonhal-): flood
    3. ( 임금 한, doe-imgeum-): khan

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit


    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    ReadingsEdit

    • Native: あし (ashi)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あし, romaji ashi)

    1. sweat

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: cạn, hãn, khan

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.