U+6C57, 汗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C57

[U+6C56]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C58]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 85, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一十 (EMJ), four-corner 31140, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 605, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17130
  • Dae Jaweon: page 999, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1550, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6C57

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns) : semantic + phonetic (OC *kaːn).

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-(k/ŋ)rul (sweat). Compare Tibetan རྔུལ (rngul, sweat).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • gâng - vernacular;
  • hâng - literary.
Note:
  • kōaⁿ - vernacular;
  • hān - literary.
Note:
  • guan7 - vernacular;
  • hang2 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (33)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter hanH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦanH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑnH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hon6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[ɡ]ˁa[r]-s/
English sweat (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 3616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːns/

Definitions edit

  1. sweat; perspiration (Classifier: m c)
      ―  Wǒ zhèng liú zhe hàn.  ―  I'm dripping with sweat.
      ―  chū le yī tóu dà hàn  ―  to sweat so much that the head is drenched
    跑步 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Tā qù pǎobù liú le yī shēn hàn. [Pinyin]
    He is drenched in sweat after running.
  2. (literary, or in compounds) to sweat; to perspire
  3. (literary) condensation on bamboo when put over fire
  4. Used in 汗漫.
  5. (Internet slang) Word used to express embarrassment, speechlessness or helplessness.
  6. a surname: Han
Synonyms edit
  • (perspiration): 汗水 (hànshuǐ)
  • (to sweat):

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

  • Zhuang: hanh

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (33)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter han
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦan/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑn/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hon4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 3612
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːn/

Definitions edit

  1. Short for 可汗 (kèhán).
    蒙古  ―  Ménggǔ dàhàn  ―  Mongol Khagan
  2. a surname: Han

Compounds edit

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter kan
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gon1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 3573
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

Definitions edit

  1. Only used in 餘汗馀汗.

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sweat

Readings edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *asya.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(あせ) (ase

  1. sweat
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC han|kan|hanH).

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

(かん) (kan

  1. sweat

Noun edit

(かん) (kan

  1. Synonym of ハン (han): khan

References edit

  1. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1974), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Second edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō
  2. ^ Nakai, Yukihiko, editor (2002), 京阪系アクセント辞典 [A Dictionary of Tone on Words of the Keihan-type Dialects] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Bensei, →ISBN
  3. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eum (han))

  1. ( 한, ttam-): sweat
  2. ( 질펀할 한, mul-jilpeonhal-): flood
  3. ( 임금 한, doe-imgeum-): khan

Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

See also edit

Okinawan edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings edit

Noun edit

(あし) (ashi

  1. sweat

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: cạn, hãn, khan

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.