See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 159 +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十十一十 (JJMJ), four-corner 51040, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1240, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38187
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1715, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3514, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8ED2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕyan²¹/
Jinan /ɕyã²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕyã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕyan²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕyã²¹/
Xining /ɕyã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕyɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
/ɕyɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕyan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕyen³¹/
Hefei /ɕyĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕye¹¹/
Pingyao
Hohhot /ɕye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕiɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ɕi³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕie³¹/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ³³/
Xiangtan /ɕyẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /hian⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /hin⁵³/
Nanning /hyn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xyiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨɐn/ /xɨ̯ɐn/ /xiɐn/ /hiɐn/ /hɨan/ /xĭɐn/ /xiɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xuān ‹ xjon › /*qʰa[r]/ nobleman's carriage

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3641 1 /*qʰan/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. carriage
  2. high
  3. wide
  4. balcony
  5. surname of the Yellow Emperor

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Kanji in this term
けん
Grade: S
on'yomi

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana けん, romaji -ken)

  1. counter for buildings like houses
    寄付 (きふ) (つの)るため、 (すう) (けん) (いえ) (まわ)った。
    Kifu o tsunoru tame, sūken no ie o mawatta.
    We visited several houses to raise donations.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(heon) (hangeul , revised heon, McCune-Reischauer hŏn, Yale hen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiên, hen, hên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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