Open main menu
See also:
U+8ED2, 軒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8ED2

[U+8ED1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8ED3]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 159, +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十十一十 (JJMJ), four-corner 51040, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

Further readingEdit

  • KangXi: page 1240, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38187
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1715, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3514, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8ED2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𨍓
𩋱

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰan): semantic  (carriage) + phonetic  (OC *kaːn)

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕyan²¹/
Jinan /ɕyã²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕyã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕyan²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕyã²¹/
Xining /ɕyã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕyɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
/ɕyɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕyan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕyen³¹/
Hefei /ɕyĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕye¹¹/
Pingyao
Hohhot /ɕye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕiɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ɕi³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕie³¹/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ³³/
Xiangtan /ɕyẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /hian⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /hin⁵³/
Nanning /hyn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xyiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (65)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨan/
Li
Rong
/xiɐn/
Wang
Li
/xĭɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɨ̯ɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjon ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰa[r]/
English nobleman"s carriage

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3641
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰan/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. high; lofty; airy
  2. small room or veranda with windows (formerly used in names of studies, teahouses, restaurants, etc.)
  3. (historical) a kind of high-fronted, curtained carriage in ancient China
  4. (literary) window; door
  5. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to slice meat in large portions

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
けん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC hɨɐn).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana けん, rōmaji -ken)

  1. counter for buildings like houses
     () () (つの)るため、 (すう) (けん) (いえ) (まわ)った。
    Kifu o tsunoru tame, sūken no ie o mawatta.
    We visited several houses to raise donations.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
のき
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana のき, rōmaji noki)

  1. eaves
  2. narrow aisle surrounding the core of a temple building
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC hɨɐn). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: hen) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 추녀 (chunyeo heon))

  1. (literary) Hanja form? of (eaves).
  2. (literary) Hanja form? of (type of carriage in ancient China).
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC hɨɐnH).

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 고기 저밀 (gogi jeomil heon))

  1. (archaic) Hanja form? of (to slice meat in large portions).

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit