See also:
U+80F3, 胳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80F3

[U+80F2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80F4]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 130, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月竹水口 (BHER), four-corner 77264, composition )

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 980, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29434
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1432, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2070, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+80F3

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *klaːɡ) : semantic (flesh) + phonetic (OC *klaːɡ).

Etymology

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Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lak ~ *C-jak (arm; hand; wing). Sagart (1999) considers it to be a prefixed form of a root *lak, found unprefixed as (OC *ᵇlak, “armpit”) and with a loosely attached prefix as *ᵃkə-lak, preserved in some southern varieties, such as Cantonese 胳肋底 (gaak3 laak6-1 dai2), Eastern Min 胳腋下 (gó̤k-lŏ̤k-â). In the new reconstruction by Baxter and Sagart (2014), the connection to (OC *[ɢ](r)Ak) is still implied (cf. Sagart, 2007), but the comparison to the forms in the southern varieties no longer holds (Hill, 2019). Zhang, Jacques and Lai (2019) compare it with Tibetan ལག (lag, arm), Japhug tɯ-jaʁ (arm) and suggest that the comparisons are more compatible with an Old Chinese reconstruction such as *klˁak.

Alternatively, Schuessler (2007) reconstructs the Old Chinese minimally as *kâk < *klak and posits an Austroasiatic origin, comparing it to Proto-Monic *knlak (popliteal space; armpit), Khmer ក្លៀក (kliək, armpit), both from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kʔik ~ *kʔiək ~ *kʔaik (armpit).

Pronunciation 1

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Note:
  • koh - vernacular;
  • kok - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (103)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter kak
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ge
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gok3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[C.q]ˁak/
    English armpit

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3882
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*klaːɡ/

    Definitions

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    1. (anatomy) armpit
    2. (anatomy) arm
        ―  bo  ―  arm
        ―  bei  ―  arm

    Compounds

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    Pronunciation 2

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    Definitions

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    1. Only used in 胳肢 (gézhi, “to tickle”).

    Pronunciation 3

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    Definitions

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    1. Only used in 胳肢窩胳肢窝 (gāzhiwō).

    Japanese

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    Kanji

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    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. armpit
    2. arms

    Readings

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