U+8F9C, 辜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F9C

[U+8F9B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F9D]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 160, +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十口卜廿十 (JRYTJ), four-corner 40401, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1250, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38636
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1730, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4036, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8F9C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gu1 - literary;
  • gou1 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ko/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɔ/
Li
Rong
/ko/
Wang
Li
/ku/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gu1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4213
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. crime; wrong; sin
  2. to let down
  3. A surname​.
      ―  Zhènfǔ  ―  Koo Chen-fu (Taiwanese businessman)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Go-on: (ku)
  • Kan-on: (ko)
  • Kun: つみ (tsumi, )

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kuo).

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 허물 (heomul go))

  1. Hanja form? of (crime; wrong; sin).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings:

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.