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U+6E56, 湖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E56

[U+6E55]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E57]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水十口月 (EJRB), four-corner 37120, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 637, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17836
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1044, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1669, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6E56

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaː): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *ɡaː).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ô͘ - vernacular;
  • hô͘ - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦuo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣo/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hu ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁa/
    English lake

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4247
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaː/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. lake; loch
    2. Short for 湖北 (Húběi, “Hubei Province”).
    3. Short for 湖南 (Húnán, “Hunan Province”).

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Ai-Cham: fu²
    • Korean: (ho)
    • Vietnamese: hồ
    • Zhuang: huz

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. lake

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    みずうみ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
      on Japanese Wikipedia

    (mizu, water) +‎ (umi, sea)

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みずうみ, rōmaji mizuumi, historical hiragana みづうみ)

    1. a lake (body of water)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ho) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hồ)

    1. lake

    Usage notesEdit

    • The modern Vietnamese word for lake is hồ.

    ReferencesEdit