Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also:
U+8840, 血
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8840

[U+883F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8841]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 143, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月廿 (HBT), four-corner 27100, composition丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #143, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1107, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33964
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1568, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3050, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8840

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷiɡs, *qʰʷɯɡ
*qʰʷiːɡ
*sqʰʷiɡ
*sqʰʷiɡ
*sqʰʷiɡ
*sqʰʷiɡ
*qʰʷɯɡ
*qʰʷeːɡ

Pictogram (象形):  (drop of blood) +  (container).

A drop of blood inside a chalice for sacrificial uses.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-hjwəj-t (blood).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • háik - vernacular;
  • hiék - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • huih/hoeh - vernacular;
    • hiat - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ɕiɛ²¹³/
    /ɕyɛ²¹³/
    Tianjin /ɕie²¹/
    /ɕye²¹/
    Jinan /ɕyə²¹³/
    /ɕiə²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɕiə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ɕiɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕiɛ²¹/
    Xining /ɕi⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕie¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕyə¹³/
    /ɕiə¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕiɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕie²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕye³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
    Nanjing /ɕyeʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ɕyɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕyaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕioʔ⁵/
    /ɕyɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /ɕyəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ɕy²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕyeʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ɕyɛ⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕie²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɕyæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕyɵʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /hiat̚¹/
    Taoyuan /hiet̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hyt̚³/
    Nanning /hyt̚³³/
    Hong Kong /hyt̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiat̚³²/
    /huiʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /haiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuai²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hueʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hue⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (88)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hwet̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hʷet̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xuɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hwɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /xuet̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /xiwet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xiwet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xue
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xuè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xwet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m̥ˤik/
    English blood

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14098
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰʷiːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. blood
        ―  Liúxiě le.  ―  It's bleeding.
    2. blood relations; kinship
    3. firm, unyielding, ardent
    4. (literary) tears

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (hyeol) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    MulamEdit

    NounEdit

    (phɣa:t7)

    1. blood

    OkinawanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (chi).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana ちー, romaji chii)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ちー, romaji chii)

    1. blood

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (huyết, hoét, tiết)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.