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JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
こと
Grade: 2
は > ば
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Alternative formsEdit

The alternative forms are used almost exclusively in compounds.

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (koto, word) +‎ (ha, edge; beginning, end).[1] The ha changes to ba as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The term (koto) was formerly the main term for word in Japanese. This term is also cognate with (koto, thing, fact, event). The ha may have been added to differentiate from (koto).

The spelling is an example of ateji (当て字).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

言葉 (hiragana ことば, rōmaji kotoba)

  1. a word, a term
    • 1996 February 16, Kanari, Yozaburo; Sato, Fumiya, “ファイル12 ろうにんぎょうじょうさつじんけん [File 12: The Wax Model Castle Murder Case ⑭]”, in きんいちしょうねんけん簿 [Young Kindaichi Case Files], volume 16 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Kodansha, ISBN 4-06-312233-6:
      その (なか)に「レッドラム」という (こと) () ()てくるんですよ!
      Sono naka ni “reddoramu” to iu kotoba ga detekurun desu yo!
      It means there’s a hidden message in “redrum”!
    • 2003 October 17, CLAMP, “Chapitreシャピトル.8 かみ宿やどくに [Chapitre.8 Homeland of the Gods]”, in ツバサ RESERVoir CHRoNiCLE [Tsubasa: RESERVoir CHRoNiCLE], volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Kodansha, ISBN 4-06-363306-3, page 78:
       (みみ) (へん)になったわけじゃない!でも  (きゅう) (こと) () (つう)じなくなるなんて⁉
      Mimi ga hen ni natta wake ja nai! Demo kyū ni kotoba ga tsūjinaku naru nan te⁉
      There’s nothing wrong with my ears, is there? How come all of a sudden I can’t understand a word they say⁉
    • 2016 July 22, “かんするしんじゃ [Exultant Cultist]”, in 異界月 [Eldritch Moon], Wizards of the Coast:
       (でき) () () (いん)から (なが)れる () () () (めい) (えい) (しょう) (なか)から、ジェイスは (こと) () (ひと)つだけ () ()った……「エムラクール」。
      Dekibo no jiin kara nagareru imi fumei no eishō no naka kara, Jeisu wa kotoba o hitotsu dake kikitotta…… “Emurakūru”.
      Amid the gibbering chorus that rose from the drownyard temple, Jace recognized a single word…… “Emrakul.”
  2. language, speech

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.
  • 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4000801112
  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, ISBN 4469021067