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ChineseEdit

 
to speak; to say; talk; word
 
speech; language; dialect; tell to
trad. (言語)
simp. (言语)
anagram 語言语言

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (31) (31)
Final () (65) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐn/ /ŋɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐn/ /ŋiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐn/ /ŋiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨan/ /ŋɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɐn/ /ŋiɔX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐn/ /ŋĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɨ̯ɐn/ /ŋi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/4 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjon › ‹ ngjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋa[n]/ /*ŋ(r)aʔ/
English speak; speech speak

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 14271 13159
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋan/ /*ŋaʔ/

NounEdit

言語

  1. speech; spoken language
SynonymsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


VerbEdit

言語

  1. (colloquial Mandarin, Hakka) to speak; to say a word
    一聲言語 [MSC, trad.]
    一声言语 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā yīshēng bù yányu jiù zǒu le. [Pinyin]
    He left without saying anything.
    怎麼言語 / 怎么言语  ―  Nǐ zěnme bù yányu?  ―  Why aren't you saying anything?
SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (言語):
  • Japanese: 言語 (げんご) (gengo)
  • Korean: 언어 (言語, eoneo)
  • Vietnamese: ngôn ngữ (言語)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
げん
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

言語 (hiragana げんご, rōmaji gengo)

  1. language, speech

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

言語 (eoneo) (hangeul 언어)

  1. Hanja form? of 언어 (language).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

言語

  1. Hán tự form of ngôn ngữ (language).