See also:
U+4F73, 佳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F73

[U+4F72]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F74]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人土土 (OGG), four-corner 24214, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 100, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 557
  • Dae Jaweon: page 212, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 143, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+4F73

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreː): semantic (man; person) + phonetic (OC *kʷeː).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕia⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕia²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕia³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕia̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɑ³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕia²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕia¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕia³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕia⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiɑ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /ko³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³¹/
Tunxi /kɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕia³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ka⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kai⁵³/
Nanning /kai⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kai⁵³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kai⁵⁵/
/ka⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ka⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kia³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kai²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (31)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kæi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨj/
Li
Rong
/kɛ/
Wang
Li
/kai/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kai/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiā
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jia
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁre/
English good

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4531
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. good, auspicious
  2. beautiful
  3. of quality

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit


Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

AffixEdit

() (ka

  1. beautiful, good
  2. excellent

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 아름다울 (areumdaul ga))

  1. good, auspicious
  2. beautiful
  3. delightful

Etymology 2Edit

HanjaEdit

(eum (gae))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: giai, trai, dai, lai

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit