See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tos, *dos): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *tjoʔ)

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人卜土 (OYG), four-corner 20214, composition)

  1. reside, live at, dwell, lodge
  2. to stop

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 98, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 505
  • Dae Jaweon: page 207, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 137, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+4F4F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
/t͡su⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
Qingdao /tʃu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu³¹²/
Xi'an /p͡fu⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡su¹³/
Guiyang /t͡su²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡su⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sz̩ʷ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡su⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩¹³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷ¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕy¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑy²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃʰu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sy²²/
Nanning /t͡sy²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiɛu²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tiu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡su³⁵/
/tiu³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tu³⁵/
/ʔdiu²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (11)
Final: (24)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɨoH/ /ɖioH/ /ȡioH/ /ɖuə̆H/ /ȡioH/ /ȡĭuH/ /ȡʱi̯uH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (9)
Final: (24)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈɨoH/ /ʈioH/ /ȶioH/ /ʈuə̆H/ /ȶioH/ /ȶĭuH/ /ȶi̯uH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhù ‹ drjuH › /*dro(ʔ)-s/ stop (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17613 0 /*tos/
17617 0 /*dos/

VerbEdit

  1. to live, to dwell, to reside
  2. to stay
  3. to stop, to cease

SuffixEdit

  1. Verb suffix indicating firmness, steadiness or coming to a halt.

CompoundsEdit

  • 住院 (zhùyuàn, “be hospitalized”)

ReferencesEdit

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

‎(hiragana じゅう, romaji )

  1. dwelling; living

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. dwelling, reside

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune-Reischauer chu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trú, trọ, giọ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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