U+9784, 鞄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9784

[U+9783]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9785]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 177, +5, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿十心口山 (TJPRU), four-corner 47512, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1386, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42781
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1901, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4331, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9784

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Spring and Autumn Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
   

(leather) + .

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (3) (3) (3) (2)
Final () (90) (90) (90) (10)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () II II II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠau/ /bˠauX/ /bˠauH/ /pʰˠʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚau/ /bᵚauX/ /bᵚauH/ /pʰᵚɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bau/ /bauX/ /bauH/ /pʰɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/baɨw/ /baɨwX/ /baɨwH/ /pʰaɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/bau/ /bauX/ /bauH/ /pʰɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/bau/ /bauX/ /bauH/ /pʰɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱau/ /bʱauX/ /bʱauH/ /pʰɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
páo bào bào po
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
paau4 baau6 baau6 pok3

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to work hides
  2. leather bag


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
かばん
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Possibly derived from Chinese 夾板 or 夾槾 (boards for pressing or holding things together),[1][2] modern Min Nan reading kiap-pán.

The original meaning of the kanji referred to tanned leather or a tanner who produces such material. The kun'yomi kaban only appears from the Meiji period (1868­–1912).[2]

First attested with the reading kaban to a work from 1877.[2] Over the period of roughly 1877–1887, this word kaban grew in popularity and displaced the previous term 胴乱 (dōran, satchel).[2][3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(かばん) (kaban

  1. [from 1877] bag, satchel, briefcase, handbag (often made of leather or canvas)
    Synonym: (archaic) 胴乱 (dōran)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Korean: 가방 (gabang)
  • Min Nan: kha-báng

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ ”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (po))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: bào, bạc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.