U+6CE1, 泡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CE1

[U+6CE0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CE2]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水心口山 (EPRU), four-corner 37112, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 617, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17307
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1591, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6CE1

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Pronunciation 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms classifier



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (2) (3)
Final () (90) (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠau/ /bˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚau/ /bᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰau/ /bau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰaɨw/ /baɨw/
Li
Rong
/pʰau/ /bau/
Wang
Li
/pʰau/ /bau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰau/ /bʱau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pāo páo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
paau1 paau4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 278 296
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰruː/ /*bruː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Name of a river.
  2. small lake
  3. Classifier for excreta.

Pronunciation 2Edit

simp. and trad.


Note:
  • pou5 - “bubble”;
  • paau1 - “bulb”, e.g. 燈泡.
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pho - etymologically unrelated, meaning “bubble; saliva”.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰˠau/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰᵚau/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰau/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰaɨw/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰau/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰau/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰau/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pāo
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    paau1
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 278
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰruː/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bubble
    2. bubblelike or bulbous object
    3. blister
    4. (Taiwanese Hokkien) saliva; spit
    5. (Wuhan Mandarin, Liannan Hakka) swim bladder
    SynonymsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms 𣶐 to soak



    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 283
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m̥ʰruːs/
    Notes 𣶐

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to soak; to sit in water (or liquid)
    2. (informal) to pick up; to meet and seduce for romantic purposes
    SynonymsEdit
    • (to soak): (jìn)

    Pronunciation 4Edit

    simp. and trad.


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. abundant

    Pronunciation 5Edit

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Min Nan) light and crisp

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. bubbles

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    あわ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling

    From Old Japanese. Appears in the Nihon Shoki of 720 C.E..[1]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (あわ) (awa

    1. bubble
    2. foam, head on carbonated beverages such as beer

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC pʰˠau). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: pwo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 거품 (geopum po))

    1. Hanja form? of (bubbles).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    あー
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling

    Cognate with Japanese (awa).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あー, rōmaji ā)

    1. bubbles
    2. froth, foam

    ReferencesEdit

    • あー【泡・沫】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
    • アー” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: bàu, bảo, bào, bầu, phao

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.