U+70AE, 炮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-70AE

[U+70AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+70AF]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 火心口山 (FPRU), four-corner 97812, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 668, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1078, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2196, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+70AE

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*buː
*buː, *buːs
*buː
*buːʔ
*buːs, *mɯnʔ
*buːs
*pruː
*pruː
*pruː, *pʰruː
*pruː
*pruː, *bu, *bu
*pruːʔ
*pʰruː, *m̥ʰruːs, *bruː
*pʰruːs, *bruː
*pʰruːs, *bruːs
*pʰruːs, *bruːs
*bruː, *bruːɡ
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː
*bruː, *bruːs
*bruː, *bruːɡ
*bruː, *pʰruːɡ
*bruː, *bruːʔ, *bruːs, *pʰruːɡ
*bruːʔ
*bruːʔ, *bruːs, *bruːɡ, *pʰoːɡ
*bu
*bruːɡ
*bruːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰruːs, *bruː): semantic  + phonetic (OC *pruː).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /pʰau⁵³/
Tianjin /pʰɑu⁵³/
Jinan /pʰɔ²¹/
Qingdao /pʰɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰau³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰau⁴⁴/
Xining /pʰɔ²¹³/
Yinchuan /pʰɔ¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰɔ¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰɔ²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰau³⁵/
Chengdu /pʰau¹³/
Guiyang /pʰao²¹³/
Kunming /pʰɔ²¹²/
Nanjing /pʰɔo⁴⁴/
Hefei /pʰɔ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰau⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pʰɔ³⁵/
Hohhot /pʰɔ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /pʰɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /pʰæ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /pʰɔ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /pʰuɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /pʰɔ³²⁴/
/pʰo³²⁴/
Tunxi /pʰo⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /pʰau⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /pʰaɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pʰau⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰɑu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰau³³/
Nanning /pʰau³³/
Hong Kong /pʰau³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰau²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɑu²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰau³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰau²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fau³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (2)
Final () (90) (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠau/ /pʰˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚau/ /pʰᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bau/ /pʰauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/baɨw/ /pʰaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/bau/ /pʰauH/
Wang
Li
/bau/ /pʰauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱau/ /pʰauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
páo pào
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 280 286
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰruːs/ /*bruː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. large gun; cannon
  2. artillery

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. sear
  2. roast, burn

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(po) (hangeul , revised po, McCune-Reischauer p'o, Yale pho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(pháo, than, bác, bào)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.