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U+9932, 餲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9932

[U+9931]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9933]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 184, +9, 18 strokes, cangjie input 人戈日心女 (OIAPV), four-corner 86727, composition)

  1. putrid

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1423, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44278
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1948, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4464, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9932

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːds, *kʰrads, *kʰrad
*qaːds
*qaːds, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd
*kʰrads, *ked, *kʰrad, *ɡrad, *kad, *ɡad
*ɡrads, *ɡrad
*kʰob, *qʰaːd, *qʰad
*kaːd
*kaːd
*klaːd, *rab
*kʰaːd, *ɡrad
*kʰaːd
*qʰaːd, *qad
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd, *ɢljad
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd
*kʰreːd, *kraːd, *r'aːb
*kʰraːd, *ɡrad, *ɡad
*kʰrad
*kʰrad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*kad
*kad
*qʰad
*qʰad
*qad

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd): semantic  (food) + phonetic  (OC *ɡaːd).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp. 𮩝

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 4/4
Initial () (34) (34) (34)
Final () (37) (29) (63)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () Chongniu III II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiᴇiH/ /ʔˠaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚiɛiH/ /ʔᵚaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiæiH/ /ʔaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjiajH/ /ʔaɨjsH/ /ʔat̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔjɛiH/ /ʔaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛiH/ /æiH/ /ɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛiH/ /ʔaiH/ /ʔɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
e
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 4/4
No. 5014 5019 5040
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraːds/ /*qrads/ /*qaːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (of food) to become spoiled after a long time

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp. 𮩝

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4
Initial () (33)
Final () (63)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4
No. 5035
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a kind of fried food made of flour

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. spoiled
  2. sour
  3. moldy

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): えい (ei), あつ (atsu), あち (achi), あい (ai)
  • Kun: くさる (kusaru)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ae) (hangeul , revised ae, McCune–Reischauer ae, Yale ay)

  1. spoiled
  2. oil-and-honey pastry

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: ưởi

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.