See also: Nick

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The noun is derived from Late Middle English nik (notch, tally; nock of an arrow).[1] Its further etymology is unknown; a connection with nock (notch in a bow to hold the bowstring; notch at the rear of an arrow that fits the bowstring; cleft in the buttocks) has not been clearly established.[2]

The verb appears to be derived from the noun, though the available evidence shows that some of the verb senses predate the noun senses. No connection with words in Germanic languages such as Danish nikke (to nod), Middle Dutch nicken (to bend; to bow) (modern Dutch nikken (to nod)), Middle Low German nicken (to bend over; to sink), Middle High German nicken (to bend; to depress) (modern German nicken (to nod)), Middle Low German knicken (to bend; to snap) (modern German knicken (to bend; to break), Old Frisian hnekka (to nod), and Swedish nicka (to nod), has been clearly established.[3]

NounEdit

nick (plural nicks)

  1. A small cut in a surface.
    1. (now rare) A particular place or point considered as marked by a nick; the exact point or critical moment.
    2. (printing, dated) A notch cut crosswise in the shank of a type, to assist a compositor in placing it properly in the stick, and in distribution.
      • 1841, William Savage, “NICK”, in A Dictionary of the Art of Printing, London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, OCLC 906093397, page 543:
        A nick is a hollow cast crossways in the shanks of types, to make a distinction readily between differnt sorts and sizes; and to enable the compositor to perceive quickly the bottom of the letter as it lies in the case, when composing; as nicks are always cast on that side of the shank on which the bottom of the face of the letter is placed. A great deal of inconvenience frequently arises, owing to the founders casting different founts of types with a similar nick in each.
      • 1862, International Exhibition, 1862. Jurors’ Reports, London: Bell and Daldy, [], OCLC 907777960, class XXVIII, section C (Plate, Letterpress, and Other Modes of Printing), page 3:
        The types are of the usual thickness and height. In the centre of each type, in the front, is a deep nick of a dovetail shape, which fits upon a metal edge, so that the type cannot be displaced. But of 111 letters which are required in the fount, each letter has two, three, or four other nicks cut at right angles, the nicks of no one letter being the same as another.
  2. Senses connoting something small.
    1. (cricket) A small deflection of the ball off the edge of the bat, often going to the wicket-keeper for a catch.
      • 2005, David Fraser, “The Man in White is Always Right (but He is Not Always Neutral)”, in Cricket and the Law: The Man in White is Always Right, Abingdon, Oxfordshire; New York, N.Y.: Routledge, →ISBN, page 107:
        Just as a judge may mistakenly believe in the credibility of a clever liar, thereby reaching an 'incorrect decision', an umpire dealing with the blur of a fast bowler and listening for a nick of the bat, or lifting his eyes quickly from the bowler's front foot to follow the flight and pitch of the ball to determine if the batter is out LBW [leg before wicket], can easily be mistaken.
    2. (genetics) One of the single-stranded DNA segments produced during nick translation.
      • 1981, David Korn; Paul A. Fisher; Teresa S.-F. Wang, “Mechanisms of Catalysis of Human DNA Polymerases α and β”, in Waldo E. Cohn, editor, Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology, volume 26 (DNA: Multiprotein Interactions), New York, N.Y.: Academic Press, →ISBN, page 66:
        Analysis of the effect of temperature on the polymerization reaction with nicked and gapped DNA substrates in Mn2+ (8) [...] reveals identical values of activation energy (Ea) and Q10, indicating that the frequency of productive interactions of polymerase β with 3′-hydroxyl termini at nicks and gaps is indistinguishable and suggesting that localized destabilization of the 5′-terminated DNA strand at the nick site does not contribute significantly to the rate-determining step(s) of the synthetic reaction.
      • 2015, Lesley-Ann Giddings; David J. Newman, “Activating the Expression of Natural Product Biosynthetic Gene Clusters”, in Bioactive Compounds from Extremophiles: Genomic Studies, Biosynthetic Gene Clusters, and New Dereplication Methods (SpringerBriefs in Microbiology), Cham, Switzerland; Heidelberg: Springer, DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-14836-6, →ISBN, ISSN 2191-5385, section 2.2 (Heterologous Expression), page 13:
        The double-stranded insert and linearized vector are denatured, and the resulting single strands of DNA anneal with their overlapping ends and extend using each other as a template to form double-stranded circular plasmids with only two nicks, one on each single strand. [...] Lastly, the nicks are covalently closed upon transformation into E. coli using its natural repair processes.
      • 2015, Byong H. Lee, “Concepts and Tools for Recombinant DNA Technology”, in Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology, 2nd edition, Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, John Wiley & Sons, →ISBN, section 2.2.3 (Purpose of Gene Cloning), pages 172–173:
        The nick translation process is simply a replication of DNA in vitro with DNA polymerase I (Klenow fragment) and radioactive nucleotide, which becomes incorporated into the duplicated DNA at a nick (break).
    3. (real tennis, squash (sport), racquetball) The point where the wall of the court meets the floor.
      • 2013 September, “Racket Sports”, in Ray Stubbs, editorial consultant, and Ed Wilson, editor, The Sports Book: The Sports, the Rules, the Tactics, the Techniques, 4th edition, London: Dorling Kindersley, →ISBN, page 189:
        Spin is a major feature of real tennis – because of it, some of the slowest shots can be the hardest to return. [...] Strokes played into the "nick" (the corner of the floor and the wall) and aggressive drives into the dedans, the winning gallery, or the grille are unreturnable.
  3. (Britain, slang) In the expressions in bad nick and in good nick: condition, state.
    The car I bought was cheap and in good nick.
    • 2014 July 20, Jane Gardam, “Give us a bishop in high heels [print version: ‘Give us a high-heeled bishop’, International New York Times, 22 July 2014, page 11]”, in The New York Times[1], archived from the original on 7 November 2015:
      [F]urther south in Kent, there was St. Mildred, whose mother [Domne Eafe], in 670, founded the minster that still stands there in good nick, with nine nuns who are an ever-present help in trouble to all religions and none.
  4. (Britain, law enforcement, slang) A police station or prison.
    He was arrested and taken down to Sun Hill nick [police station] to be charged.
    He’s just been released from Shadwell nick [prison] after doing ten years for attempted murder.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

nick (third-person singular simple present nicks, present participle nicking, simple past and past participle nicked)

  1. (transitive) To make a nick or notch in; to cut or scratch in a minor way.
    I nicked myself while I was shaving.
    1. (transitive) To make ragged or uneven, as by cutting nicks or notches in; to deface, to mar.
      • c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene xiii], page 356, column 2:
        The itch of his Affection ſhould not then / Haue nickt his Captain-ſhip, at ſuch a point, / When halfe to halfe the world oppos'd, he being / The meered queſtion?
        The itch of his affection should not then / Have marred his captainship, at such a point, / When half of the world was opposing the other half, he being / the crucial player?
      • c. 1715–1717, Matthew Prior, “Alma: Or, The Progress of the Mind. In Three Cantos”, in The Poetical Works of Matthew Prior, Esq. [], Edinburgh: Printed by Mundell and Son, [], published 1793, OCLC 931361946; republished in Robert Anderson, editor, The Works of the British Poets. [], volume VII, London: Printed for John & Arthur Arch; and for Bell & Bradfute, and J. Mundell & Co. Edinburgh, 1795, OCLC 221535929, canto III, page 466, column 2:
        But, give him port and potent ſack, / From milkſop he ſtarts up Mohack; / Holds that the happy know no hours; / So through the ſtreets at midnight ſcowers, / Breaks watchmen's heads and chairmen's glaſſes, / And thence proceeds to nicking ſaſhes; []
    2. (transitive, rare) To make a crosscut or cuts on the underside of (the tail of a horse, in order to make the animal carry it higher).
      • 1815, Henry Bracken, “Receipts. To Cure the Grease, Surfeits, Loss of Appetite, Cough, Shortness of Breath; to Purify the Blood, and to Fatten Tired and Wasted Horses. [Additional Information.]”, in Taplin Improved; or A Complete Treatise on the Art of Farriery, [], Troy, N.Y.: Printed and sold by Francis Adancourt, [], OCLC 921915607, pages 117–118:
        The barbarous custom of docking and nicking the tail, and cutting the ears of horses, is too prevalent. [...] [I]n the loss of their tail, they find even a still greater inconvenience. During summer they are perpetually teazed with swarms of insects that either attempt to suck their blood or deposit their eggs in the rectum, which they have no means of lashing off; and in winter they are deprived of a necessary defence against the cold. [From the Boston Yankee.]
      • 1830, Richard Mason, “Nicking”, in The Gentleman’s New Pocket Farrier, Comprising a General Description of the Noble and Useful Animal the Horse; [], 5th edition, Richmond, Va.: Printed by Peter Cottom, [], page 48:
        Nicking a horse has been generally believed to be attended with much difficulty, and to require great ingenuity and art to perform the operation. The nicking alone, is by far the easiest part, as the curing and pullying requires considerable attention and trouble. Nicking is an operation performed for the purpose of making a horse carry an elegant artificial tail, which adds much to his beauty and value.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To fit into or suit, as by a correspondence of nicks; to tally with.
    • 1605, M. N. [pseudonym; William Camden], “Allusions”, in Remaines of a Greater Worke, Concerning Britaine, [], London: Printed by G[eorge] E[ld] for Simon Waterson, OCLC 1064186951, page 140:
      An Alluſion is as it were a dalliance or playing with words, like in ſound, vnlike in ſense, by changing, adding, or ſubtracting a letter or two; ſo that words nicking and reſembling one the other, are appliable to diffrent ſignifications.
    1. (transitive) To hit at, or in, the nick; to touch rightly; to strike at the precise point or time.
      • 1692, Roger L’Estrange, “[The Fables of Æsop, &c.] Fab[le] XXXVIII. A Horse and an Asse. [Reflexion].”, in Fables, of Æsop and Other Eminent Mythologists: [], London: Printed for R[ichard] Sare, [], OCLC 228727523, page 38:
        [I]t requires a Critical Nicety both of Wit, and of Judgment, to find out the Genius, or the Propenſions, of a Child, [] The Juſt Seaſon of Doing Things must be Nick'd, and All Accidents Obſerv'd and Improv'd; for Weak Minds are to be as Narrowly Attended, as Sickly Bodies: []
    2. (transitive, cricket) To hit the ball with the edge of the bat and produce a fine deflection.
    3. (transitive, gaming) To throw or turn up (a number when playing dice); to hit upon.
      • 1773, [Oliver] Goldsmith, She Stoops to Conquer: Or, The Mistakes of a Night. A Comedy. [], London: Printed for F[rancis] Newbery, [], OCLC 973672395, Act III, page 63:
        My old luck: I never nick'd ſeven that I did not throw ames ace three times following.
      • [1814], William Rouse, “Problem XXX. What are the Probabilities of Nicking each Main?”, in The Doctrine of Chances, or The Theory of Gaming, Made Easy to Every Person Acquainted with Common Arithmetic, [], London: Printed by Gye & Balne, [], for the author, published by Lackington, Allen & Co. [], OCLC 952637763, page 150:
        The points to nick each main have been mentioned before, and the table on dice will show how many chances there are to throw each of these points with 2 dice, which together form the numerator, and 36 (being all the chances on 2 dice) the denominator of the fraction that expresses the probability. If 5 is the main, 5 will be the only nick, and the chances to throw 5 being 4, 436 is the probability, which is 8 to 1 against nicking 5, and the same against nicking 9.
      • 1888, “The Jackdaw”, in W[illiam] B[utler] Yeats, editor, Fairy and Folk Tales of the Irish Peasantry (The Camelot Series), London: Walter Scott, []; New York, N.Y.: Thomas Whittaker; Toronto, Ont.: W. J. Gage & Co., OCLC 634069, page 304:
        Tom Moor was fond of gaming, and often lost large sums of money; finding his business neglected in his absence, he had a small hazard table set up in one corner of his dining-room, and invited a party of his friends to play at it. [...] [O]ne of them being a constant winner, the others would say, "Damn it, how he nicks them."
  3. (transitive, mining) To make a cut at the side of the face.
    • 1872 February 28, Peter Higson, Reports from Commissioners: Twenty-two Volumes. [], volume XVI, London: Printed by George Edward Eyre and William Spottiswode, [], for Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, OCLC 41427157, page 58:
      A practice then prevailed of blasting without nicking the side of the place which still continues and of conducting the current of air too far by means of brattice, to both of which practices I raised a strong objection. They admitted their inability to make the men nick the coal as they formerly did and thought the application of brattice could not be properly defined, but that it should be left to the discretion of the manager of each particular mine as to the distance openings should be made apart between the intake and return air courses.
  4. (transitive, Australia, Britain, slang) To steal.
    Someone’s nicked my bike!
    • 2013, Ian Botham; with Dean Wilson, “Steve James – Fine Dining”, in Beefy’s Cricket Tales: My Favourite Stories from On and Off the Field, London: Simon & Schuster, →ISBN, pages 145–146:
      As I'm on the ground, my bat and one of the stumps are grabbed out of my hands. [...] At that point, I look up and see Adrian [Dale] – with two stumps in his hands! Hugh [Morris] has given him one and his brother Gary, who is a policeman, has seen the bloke who nicked it off me and wrestled it off him and given [it] to Adrian. He didn't get my bat back, though.
  5. (transitive, Britain, law enforcement, slang) To arrest.
    The police nicked him climbing over the fence of the house he’d broken into.
    • 2012, T. Appleby, “Die in Dunkirk or Somewhere in France”, in Life in the Harsh Lane: The Nine Lives, Mishaps, and Adventures of a No-body, [Bloomington, Ind.]: Xlibris, →ISBN, page 113:
      Flick knives were pulled on us, and the group demanded we give them all our money, and passports and everything else we had. [...] They [the police] had nicked the knife gang, (who had stayed there, beating the shit out of Nick), and found our passports.
    • 2014, Russell Brand, “I am an Anarchist-a”, in Revolution, New York, N.Y.: Ballantine Books, →ISBN, page 81:
      [...] I was always getting nicked when I was a junkie, so I've had my fair share of skirmishes with the law.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From nick(name).

NounEdit

nick (plural nicks)

  1. (Internet) Clipping of nickname.
    a user’s reserved nick on an IRC network
    • 1995, Donald Rose, Internet Chat Quick Tour: Real-time Conversations & Communications Online, Chapel Hill, N.C.: Ventana Press, →ISBN, page 42:
      /nick <new-nickname> Changes your nickname—the name by which other IRCers see and refer to you—to anything you'd like (but remember that nine characters is the maximum nick length).
    • 2014, Josh Datko, “Chatting Off-the-record”, in BeagleBone for Secret Agents: Bbrowse Anonymously, Communicate Secretly, and Create Custom Security Solutions with Open Source Software, the BeagleBone Black, and Cryptographic Hardware (Community Experience Distilled), Birmingham, West Midlands: Packt Publishing, →ISBN:
      Also, ERC, like Emacs, is extremely modular and flexible. It is, of course, a free software program, but there are also many existing modules from nick highlighting to autoaway that you can use.

VerbEdit

nick (third-person singular simple present nicks, present participle nicking, simple past and past participle nicked)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To give or call (someone) by a nickname; to style.

Etymology 3Edit

A variant of nix or nixie.

NounEdit

nick (plural nicks)

  1. (archaic) A nix or nixie (water spirit).
    • 1879, Viktor Rydberg, “The Magic of the People and the Struggle of the Church against It”, in August Hjalmar Edgren, transl., The Magic of the Middle Ages: Translated from the Swedish, New York, N.Y.: Henry Holt and Company, OCLC 3814209, page 201:
      [A]midst Ahriman and his hosts who had now established themselves in the Occident, and as heirs to the horns and tails of Pans and fauns, a crowd of native spirits moved; imps, giants, trolls, forest-spirits, elves and hobgoblins in and on the earth; nicks, river-sprites in the water, fiends in the air, and salamanders in the fire.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ nik, n.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 30 January 2019.
  2. ^ nick, n.1”, in OED Online  , Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2003; “nick” in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ nick, v.2”, in OED Online  , Oxford: Oxford University Press, September 2003.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

nick

  1. Imperative singular of nicken.
  2. (colloquial) First-person singular present of nicken.

KashubianEdit

PronounEdit

nick

  1. nothing

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

nick c

  1. nod (movement of the head to indicate agreement)
  2. header (in football)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of nick 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative nick nicken nickar nickarna
Genitive nicks nickens nickars nickarnas
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the English nickname

NounEdit

nick n

  1. (slang) nick, nickname
DeclensionEdit
Declension of nick 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative nick nicket nick nicken
Genitive nicks nickets nicks nickens