English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /buː/
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  • Rhymes: -uː
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Etymology 1 edit

From earlier (15c.) boh, coined to create a loud and startling sound. Compare Middle English bus! (bang!, interjection), Latin boō (cry aloud, roar, shout, verb), Ancient Greek βοάω (boáō, shout, verb).

Interjection edit

boo

  1. A loud exclamation intended to scare someone. Usually used when one has been hidden from the target, and then appears unexpectedly.
  2. An exclamation used by a member of an audience, as at a stage play or sporting event, to indicate derision or disapproval.
    • 1852 July 15, “Dundalk Election”, in The Freeman's Journal[1], volume lxxxv, Dublin, page 3:
      I ask them to record their votes in my favour, and I ask, is there any man who will dare to call me a stranger (hear, hear, and booing)?
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Noun edit

boo (plural boos)

  1. A derisive shout made to indicate disapproval.
    • 2010 December 29, Sam Sheringham, “Liverpool 0 - 1 Wolverhampton”, in BBC[2]:
      ...Hodgson headed down the tunnel with the boos of fans ringing in his ears after an eighth league defeat of the season...
Antonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Verb edit

boo (third-person singular simple present boos, present participle booing, simple past and past participle booed)

  1. (intransitive) To shout extended boos derisively.
    When he took the podium, the crowd booed.
    • 2004 October 18, The New Yorker:
      Nobody booed and nobody clapped
    • 2016 January 23, Phil Dakwes, “Man Utd 0–1 Southampton”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[3], BBC Sport:
      Substitute Charlie Austin scored seven minutes into his Southampton debut as a lacklustre Manchester United were booed off at Old Trafford.
  2. (transitive) To shout extended boos at, as a form of derision.
    The protesters loudly booed the visiting senator.
Antonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From beau.

Noun edit

boo (plural boos)

  1. (US, Canada, African-American Vernacular, slang) A close acquaintance or significant other.
    • 1996, “My Boo”, performed by Ghost Town DJ's:
      At night I think of you / I want to be your lady, maybe / If your game is on give me a call, boo / If your lovin' strong, gonna give my all to you
    • 2002, “Dilemma”, in Nellyville, performed by Nelly ft. Kelly Rowland:
      No matter what I do / All I think about is you / Even when I'm with my boo
    • 2021, Zakiya Dalila Harris, The Other Black Girl, Bloomsbury, page 309:
      “Something about having to call her boo because he was getting off work and he likes to talk to her for at least half of his commute home.”

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

boo (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Cannabis.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:marijuana
    • 1967, George E. Andrews, Simon Vinkenoog, The Book of Grass: An Anthology on Indian Hemp, page 213:
      [] sexually promiscuous girl who smoked boo all day and socialized with junkies when she wasn't busy banging away in bed []
    • 1984, Raphael S. Ezekiel, Voices from the corner: poverty and racism in the inner city, page 56:
      Like I have smoked boo, drunk whiskey, and shot dope, and I was going through all three bags at once.
    • 2019, Ron Cook, On Guard in the General's Chorus, page 2:
      Grandpa doesn't want Grandma and their kids and grandkids to know that he had to get penicillin shots all the time, or that he smoked boo (marijuana) on a daily basis, or that he dealt in the black market, or that he had yobos (purchased live-in sex slaves).

Etymology 4 edit

Likely onomatopoeic.

Verb edit

boo (third-person singular simple present boos, present participle booing, simple past and past participle booed)

  1. (now rare, Northern England) To make a sound characteristic of cattle; to moo.
    • 1850, “The Missionary Herald”, in The Baptist Magazine[4], volume 42:
      The cow's tether is put about the neck of the individual who has lost the cow, and he must go about booing like a cow till atonement is made.
    • 1894, Emily Seytter, “Barnyard Voices”, in Our Animal Friends: An Illustrated Monthly Magazine[5], volume 21:
      In the north of England people very often speak about the "oxen booing" (not lowing)
    • 1987, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Girl[6]:
      I remember being in the Great Nut Walk and hearing Old Nettle 'booing' like a cow outside .

Etymology 5 edit

Dubious; perhaps adaptation of French beau (beautiful).[1]

Noun edit

boo (plural boos)

  1. A tail feather from an ostrich.
    • 1877 June 15, The Leeds Mercury, volume 114, number 12,225, Leeds, West Yorkshire, page 2, column 5:
      Burglary.—On Monday night or early on Tuesday morning, some thieves effected an entrance into the premises of Mr. W. J. Laybourne, ostrich feather manufacturer, 60, St. John-street, West Smithfield, and carried off 1,000 prime white feathers, 500 long single black, 800 double ditto, 3,000 mixed colours, 500 spadones, 300 white plumes, 300 coloured boos, and 400 long white light feminas, which, with other property, were valued at about £4,000.
    • 1891 February 1, “Report on the December Public Sales of Ostrich and Osprey Feathers, Bird Skins, &c.”, in The Humming Bird: A Monthly Scientific, Artistic, and Industrial Review, volume I., number 2, page 16, column 1:
      White Boos declined 10s. to 15s. per lb.; Femina Boos 2s. 6d. to 5s. per lb., and drab Boos about 2s. 6d. per lb.
    • 1909 August 12, “Ostrich Feathers of Tripoli”, in Neenah Daily Times, volume 53, number 8,451, Neenah, Wis., Menasha, Wis., column 5:
      The usual kinds of ostrich feathers known to the trade come into the Tripoli market. These are whites, blacks, feminas, byocks, spadonas, boos, drabs and floss.

Etymology 6 edit

Verb edit

boo (third-person singular simple present boos, present participle booing, simple past and past participle booed)

  1. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (childish, US) To boo-boo, to poo: to defecate.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:defecate

References edit

  1. ^ boo, n.”, in Dictionary of South African English, Makhanda, Eastern Cape: Dictionary Unit for South African English, 1996–2024.

Further reading edit

  • boo”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Dumbea edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

boo

  1. moon

References edit

French edit

 
French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

boo m (uncountable)

  1. (linguistics) Boo
    Synonym: boko

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From bōs +‎ .

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

boō (present infinitive boāre, perfect active boāvī, supine boātum); first conjugation

  1. (intransitive) to cry aloud, bellow, roar; bray
    sed in prima remansi voce et identidem boavi
    but I stayed stuck on the first syllable and brayed it repeatedly
    • c. 125 CE – 180 CE, Apuleius, Metamorphoses 7.3:
      Et verbum quidem praecedens semel ac saepius inmodice clamitavi, sequens vero nullo pacto disserere potui, sed in prima remansi voce et identidem boavi "Non non", quanquam minia rutunditate pendulas vibrassem labias.
  2. (transitive) to call loudly upon; bellow, cry or roar forth

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of boō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present boō boās boat boāmus boātis boant
imperfect boābam boābās boābat boābāmus boābātis boābant
future boābō boābis boābit boābimus boābitis boābunt
perfect boāvī boāvistī boāvit boāvimus boāvistis boāvērunt,
boāvēre
pluperfect boāveram boāverās boāverat boāverāmus boāverātis boāverant
future perfect boāverō boāveris boāverit boāverimus boāveritis boāverint
passive present boor boāris,
boāre
boātur boāmur boāminī boantur
imperfect boābar boābāris,
boābāre
boābātur boābāmur boābāminī boābantur
future boābor boāberis,
boābere
boābitur boābimur boābiminī boābuntur
perfect boātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect boātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect boātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present boem boēs boet boēmus boētis boent
imperfect boārem boārēs boāret boārēmus boārētis boārent
perfect boāverim boāverīs boāverit boāverīmus boāverītis boāverint
pluperfect boāvissem boāvissēs boāvisset boāvissēmus boāvissētis boāvissent
passive present boer boēris,
boēre
boētur boēmur boēminī boentur
imperfect boārer boārēris,
boārēre
boārētur boārēmur boārēminī boārentur
perfect boātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect boātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present boā boāte
future boātō boātō boātōte boantō
passive present boāre boāminī
future boātor boātor boantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives boāre boāvisse boātūrum esse boārī boātum esse boātum īrī
participles boāns boātūrus boātus boandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
boandī boandō boandum boandō boātum boātū

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • boo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • boo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Scots edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English buwen, buȝen, bowen, from Old English būgan, from Proto-West Germanic *beugan, from Proto-Germanic *beuganą, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰūgʰ- (to bend). Cognate with English bow, Dutch buigen, German biegen, Danish bue.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

boo (third-person singular simple present booes, present participle booin, simple past boo'd, past participle boo'd)

  1. to bow, to stoop
  2. to bend, to curve
  3. to make something bend or curve

Noun edit

boo (plural boos)

  1. a bow (of greeting)