DanishEdit

NounEdit

bringen c

  1. definite singular of bringe

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German [Term?], from Old High German bringan, from Proto-Germanic *bringaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrenk-. Compare Hunsrik bringe, Low German bringen, Dutch brengen, English bring, West Frisian bringe, Gothic 𐌱𐍂𐌹𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌽 (briggan).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [bʁɪŋən], [b̥ʁɪŋŋ̍] (Germany)
  • IPA(key): [b̥riŋ(ː)ən], [b̥riŋ(ː)ɛn] (Austro-Bavarian, Swiss)
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋn̩

VerbEdit

bringen (irregular, third-person singular simple present bringt, past tense brachte, past participle gebracht, past subjunctive brächte, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to bring; to fetch
  2. (transitive) to take; to convey
  3. (transitive) to lead; to cause; to bear
  4. (transitive, with “an sich”) to acquire; to take possession of

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Low GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German bringen, brengen, from Old Saxon brengian, bringan, from Proto-Germanic *bringaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrenk-. Compare Dutch brengen, German bringen, English bring, West Frisian bringe.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbrɪŋən/, /ˈbrɪˑŋŋ̩/

VerbEdit

bringen (third-person singular simple present bringt, past tense broch, past participle brocht, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. To bring, carry, deliver, supply

ConjugationEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch bringan, from Proto-Germanic *bringaną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bringen

  1. to bring

InflectionEdit

Weak
Infinitive bringen
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive bringen
In genitive bringens
In dative bringene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular bringe
2nd singular brincs, bringes
3rd singular brinct, bringet
1st plural bringen
2nd plural brinct, bringet
3rd plural bringen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular bringe
2nd singular brincs, bringes
3rd singular bringe
1st plural bringen
2nd plural brinct, bringet
3rd plural bringen
Imperative Present
Singular brinc, bringe
Plural brinct, bringet
Present Past
Participle bringende

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: brengen
    • Afrikaans: bring, breng
  • Limburgish: bringe
  • West Flemish: bringen

Further readingEdit

  • bringhen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “bringen”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN