Translingual edit

Symbol edit

lat

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Latin.

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Hindi लाट (lāṭ, pillar; minaret; staff, club), लाठ (lāṭh, long staff; cudgel), etc.[1][2]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lat (plural lats)

  1. (weaponry, rare) A staff, particularly one of an Indian kind.
  2. (architecture) A monumental pillar, particularly the Buddhist columns erected in East India.
    • 1801, “Miscellaneous Tracts”, in Asiatic Annual Register, page 313:
      A high pillar of stone called Bheem-lat, or the Tealee, or oilman's lat or staff.
Alternative forms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of latrine.[3]

Noun edit

lat (plural lats)

  1. (UK slang, usually in the plural) A latrine: a rudimentary or military facility for urination and defecation.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:bathroom
    • 1927, William Edward Collinson, Contemporary English, page 92:
      At Salisbury Plain and Camberley in 1909/10 I learnt a number of camping expressions like... lats (latrines).
    • 1940, M. Marples, Public School Slang, page 112:
      Other synonyms [sc. for lavatories] are rears, lats... and dubs.

Etymology 3 edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Borrowed from Latvian lats, a clipping of Latvija (Latvia).[4]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lat (plural lats)

  1. (numismatics, historical) The gold-backed monetary unit of Latvia from August 1922 until April 1941, when it was replaced by the Soviet ruble; it was typically pegged at about 25 to the British pound.
  2. (numismatics, historical) The floating fiat monetary unit of Latvia from 1992 until January 2014, when it was replaced by the euro.
  3. A coin or bill of either currency.
Synonyms edit
Hyponyms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 4 edit

Clipping of latissimus.[5]

Noun edit

lat (plural lats)

  1. (slang, usually in the plural) A latissimus dorsi muscle.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 5 edit

Clipping of latitude.

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: lăt, IPA(key): /læt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æt

Noun edit

lat (plural lats)

  1. (slang) Latitude.
    Coordinate term: long
See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "lat, n.¹" in the Oxford English Dictionary (1902), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ "lāṭ लाट (f.)" &c. in the Transliterated Hindi–Hindi–English Dictionary, New Delhi: Allied Chambers.
  3. ^ "lat, n.³" in the Oxford English Dictionary (1976), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ "lat, n.²" in the Oxford English Dictionary (1933), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ "lat, n.⁴" in the Oxford English Dictionary (1997), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

Anagrams edit

A-Pucikwar edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Great Andamanese *lat.

Adjective edit

lat

  1. afraid

Noun edit

lat

  1. fear

References edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch lat, from Middle Dutch latte, from Old Dutch *latta, from Proto-Germanic *lattō, *laþþō.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lat (plural latte, diminutive latjie)

  1. A slate, a lath.
  2. (informal) A chap, a bloke, a dude.
  3. (informal) A penis, a dick.

Derived terms edit

Aromanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Latin lātus; cf. Romanian lat.

Adjective edit

lat

  1. wide

Synonyms edit

Czech edit

Noun edit

lat

  1. genitive plural of lata

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch latte, from Old Dutch *latta, from Proto-Germanic *lattō, *laþþō.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lat f (plural latten, diminutive latje n)

  1. A slate, a lath.
  2. A meetlat: flat ruler, yardstick.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Afrikaans: lat
  • Aukan: lati
  • Saramaccan: láta
  • Sranan Tongo: lati
    • Caribbean Hindustani: láti
    • Caribbean Javanese: lati

References edit

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

Anagrams edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Late Latin lactem, from Latin lac.

Noun edit

lat m (plural lats)

  1. milk

Related terms edit

See also edit

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From German Lot.[1][2]

Noun edit

lat (plural latok)

  1. (archaic unit of measure) half an ounce
Declension edit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lat latok
accusative latot latokat
dative latnak latoknak
instrumental lattal latokkal
causal-final latért latokért
translative lattá latokká
terminative latig latokig
essive-formal latként latokként
essive-modal
inessive latban latokban
superessive laton latokon
adessive latnál latoknál
illative latba latokba
sublative latra latokra
allative lathoz latokhoz
elative latból latokból
delative latról latokról
ablative lattól latoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
laté latoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
latéi latokéi
Possessive forms of lat
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. latom latjaim
2nd person sing. latod latjaid
3rd person sing. latja latjai
1st person plural latunk latjaink
2nd person plural latotok latjaitok
3rd person plural latjuk latjaik
Derived terms edit
Expressions

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

lat (plural latok)

  1. lat (the floating fiat monetary unit of Latvia from 1992 until January 2014, when it was replaced by the euro)
Declension edit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lat latok
accusative latot latokat
dative latnak latoknak
instrumental lattal latokkal
causal-final latért latokért
translative lattá latokká
terminative latig latokig
essive-formal latként latokként
essive-modal
inessive latban latokban
superessive laton latokon
adessive latnál latoknál
illative latba latokba
sublative latra latokra
allative lathoz latokhoz
elative latból latokból
delative latról latokról
ablative lattól latoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
laté latoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
latéi latokéi
Possessive forms of lat
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. latom latjaim
2nd person sing. latod latjaid
3rd person sing. latja latjai
1st person plural latunk latjaink
2nd person plural latotok latjaitok
3rd person plural latjuk latjaik

References edit

  1. ^ lat in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  2. ^ lat in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • (unit of measure): lat in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse latr.

Adjective edit

lat (neuter singular lat, definite singular and plural late, comparative latere, indefinite superlative latest, definite superlative lateste)

  1. lazy

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

lat

  1. imperative of late

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse latr.

Adjective edit

lat (neuter singular lat or latt, definite singular and plural late, comparative latare, indefinite superlative latast, definite superlative lataste)

  1. lazy

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

lat

  1. imperative of late

References edit

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Univerbation of la (with) +‎ (you sg)

Pronoun edit

lat

  1. second-person singular of la (with)

Etymology 2 edit

Univerbation of la (with) +‎ do (your sg)

Determiner edit

lat (triggers lenition)

  1. with your sg

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lat n

  1. genitive plural of lata (years)
    Ile masz lat?How old are you?
  2. genitive plural of lato

Romagnol edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lat m (plural lët)

  1. milk
    Dêr e’ latTo breastfeed
    Tur e’ latTo wean
    Dént d’latMilk teeth
    Fradël d’latFoster brother
    E’ lat di vèccLiterally, The milk of the elder, wine

References edit

  • Masotti, Adelmo (1996) Vocabolario Romagnolo Italiano [Romagnol-Italian dictionary] (in Italian), Bologna: Zanichelli, page 331

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin lātus (wide), from earlier stlātus, from Proto-Indo-European *sterh₃- (to stretch out, extend, spread) or *stelh₃- (broad).

Adjective edit

lat m or n (feminine singular lată, masculine plural lați, feminine and neuter plural late)

  1. wide, broad
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Latin latus (side).

Noun edit

lat n (plural laturi)

  1. the wide part of an object
Declension edit
Related terms edit
See also edit

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Swedish later, from Old Norse latr, from Proto-Germanic *lataz, from Proto-Indo-European *lē(y)d-.

Adjective edit

lat (comparative latare, superlative latast)

  1. lazy
    Sluta vara så lat och hjälp till
    Stop being so lazy and help out
Usage notes edit

Both lat and slö can often be translated as lazy. Lat tends towards laziness out of choice, while slö tends towards laziness due to lacking energy. The difference can be subtle though.

Declension edit
Inflection of lat
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular lat latare latast
Neuter singular latt latare latast
Plural lata latare latast
Masculine plural3 late latare latast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 late latare lataste
All lata latare lataste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Derived from Middle Low German lāt. Doublet of låt. Compare origin of grannlåt.

Noun edit

lat c

  1. (rare) A habit, custom
Usage notes edit

Mostly in the plural.

Declension edit
Declension of lat 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lat laten later laterna
Genitive lats latens laters laternas
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit