See also: nexûs and nexūs

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin nexus (connection, nexus; act of binding, tying or fastening together; something which binds, binding, bond, fastening, joint; legal obligation), from nectāre + -tus (suffix forming verbal nouns).[1] Nectāre is the second-person singular present passive subjunctive of nectō (to attach, bind, connect, fasten, tie; to interweave; to relate; to unite; to bind by obligation, make liable, oblige; to compose, contrive, devise, produce), from Proto-Indo-European *gned-, *gnod- (to bind).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

nexus (countable and uncountable, plural nexuses or nexusses or (rare) nexus)

  1. A form or state of connection.
    Synonyms: bond, junction, link, tie; see also Thesaurus:link
    1. (Canada, US, finance, law) The relationship between a vendor and a jurisdiction for the purpose of taxation, established for example by the vendor operating a physical store in that jurisdiction.
  2. A connected group; a network, a web.
  3. A centre or focus of something.
    Synonyms: hub, junction
  4. (grammar) In the work of the Danish linguist Otto Jespersen (1860–1943): a group of words expressing two concepts in one unit (such as a clause or sentence).
  5. (Ancient Rome, law, historical) A person who had contracted a nexum or obligation of such a kind that, if they failed to pay, their creditor could compel them to work as a servant until the debt was paid; an indentured servant.

Usage notesEdit

The Latin plural form (written nexūs or nexûs) is sometimes used in academic discussions of process philosophy.

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ nexus, n.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, June 2019; “nexus, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perfect passive participle of nectō (bind).

PronunciationEdit

ParticipleEdit

nexus (feminine nexa, neuter nexum); first/second-declension participle

  1. bound, tied, fastened, connected, interwoven, having been bound.
  2. bound by obligation, obliged, made liable, pledged, having been obliged.

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative nexus nexa nexum nexī nexae nexa
Genitive nexī nexae nexī nexōrum nexārum nexōrum
Dative nexō nexō nexīs
Accusative nexum nexam nexum nexōs nexās nexa
Ablative nexō nexā nexō nexīs
Vocative nexe nexa nexum nexī nexae nexa

NounEdit

nexus m (genitive nexūs); fourth declension

  1. the act of binding, tying or fastening together
  2. something which binds; bond, joint, binding, fastening; connection; nexus
  3. a personal obligation of a debtor
  4. a legal obligation

DeclensionEdit

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative nexus nexūs
Genitive nexūs nexuum
Dative nexuī nexibus
Accusative nexum nexūs
Ablative nexū nexibus
Vocative nexus nexūs

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: nexe
  • English: nexus
  • French: nexus

ReferencesEdit

  • nexus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nexus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nexus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • concatenation, interdependence of causes: rerum causae aliae ex aliis nexae
    • systematic succession, concatenation: continuatio seriesque rerum, ut alia ex alia nexa et omnes inter se aptae colligataeque sint (N. D. 1. 4. 9)
    • the connection: sententiae inter se nexae
    • the connection: contextus orationis (not nexus, conexus sententiarum)
  • nexus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016