See also: nexûs and nexūs

English edit

Etymology edit

From Latin nexus (connection, nexus; act of binding, tying or fastening together; something which binds, binding, bond, fastening, joint; legal obligation), from nectere + -tus (suffix forming verbal nouns).[1] Nectere is the infinitive of nectō (to attach, bind, connect, fasten, tie; to interweave; to relate; to unite; to bind by obligation, make liable, oblige; to compose, contrive, devise, produce), from Proto-Indo-European *gned-, *gnod- (to bind).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

nexus (countable and uncountable, plural nexuses or nexusses or (rare) nexus)

  1. A form or state of connection.
    Synonyms: bond, junction, link, tie; see also Thesaurus:junction, Thesaurus:link
    1. (Canada, US, finance, law) The relationship between a vendor and a jurisdiction for the purpose of taxation, established for example by the vendor operating a physical store in that jurisdiction.
  2. A connected group; a network, a web.
    • 2023 May 14, Panarat Thepgumpanat, Panu Wongcha-um, “Thailand's opposition opens up big election lead as army parties slide”, in Reuters[1]:
      Sunday's election pits Move Forward and the billionaire Shinawatra family's Pheu Thai against ruling parties backed by a nexus of old money, conservatives and generals with influence over key institutions involved in two decades of upheaval in Southeast Asia's second-biggest economy.
  3. A centre or focus of something.
    Synonyms: hub, junction
  4. (grammar) In the work of the Danish linguist Otto Jespersen (1860–1943): a group of words expressing two concepts in one unit (such as a clause or sentence).
  5. (Ancient Rome, law, historical) A person who had contracted a nexum or obligation of such a kind that, if they failed to pay, their creditor could compel them to work as a servant until the debt was paid; an indentured servant.

Usage notes edit

The Latin plural form (written nexūs or nexûs) is sometimes used in academic discussions of process philosophy.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

References edit

  1. ^ nexus, n.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, June 2019; “nexus, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Perfect passive participle of nectō (bind).

Pronunciation edit

Participle edit

nexus (feminine nexa, neuter nexum); first/second-declension participle

  1. bound, tied, fastened, connected, interwoven, having been bound.
  2. bound by obligation, obliged, made liable, pledged, having been obliged.

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative nexus nexa nexum nexī nexae nexa
Genitive nexī nexae nexī nexōrum nexārum nexōrum
Dative nexō nexō nexīs
Accusative nexum nexam nexum nexōs nexās nexa
Ablative nexō nexā nexō nexīs
Vocative nexe nexa nexum nexī nexae nexa

Noun edit

nexus m (genitive nexūs); fourth declension

  1. the act of binding, tying or fastening together
  2. something which binds; bond, joint, binding, fastening; connection; nexus
  3. a personal obligation of a debtor
  4. a legal obligation

Declension edit

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative nexus nexūs
Genitive nexūs nexuum
Dative nexuī nexibus
Accusative nexum nexūs
Ablative nexū nexibus
Vocative nexus nexūs

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Catalan: nexe
  • English: nexus
  • French: nexus
  • Italian: nesso
  • Portuguese: nexo
  • Romanian: nex
  • Spanish: nexo

References edit

  • nexus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nexus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nexus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • concatenation, interdependence of causes: rerum causae aliae ex aliis nexae
    • systematic succession, concatenation: continuatio seriesque rerum, ut alia ex alia nexa et omnes inter se aptae colligataeque sint (N. D. 1. 4. 9)
    • the connection: sententiae inter se nexae
    • the connection: contextus orationis (not nexus, conexus sententiarum)
  • nexus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[3], pre-publication website, 2005-2016