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See also: Virus, vírus, vīrus, vīruss, virüs, and -virus

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus (poison, slime, venom). First use in the computer context by David Gerrold in his 1972 book When HARLIE Was One.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

virus (countable and uncountable, plural viruses or (proscribed) viri or (proscribed) virii)

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Wikispecies has information on:

Wikispecies

 
The virions that carry the Marburg virus
  1. (archaic) Venom, as produced by a poisonous animal etc.
    • 1890, Aluísio Azevedo, The Slum:
      Brazil, that inferno where every budding flower and every buzzing bluebottle fly bears a lascivious virus.
  2. A submicroscopic, non-cellular structure consisting of a core of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat, that requires a living host cell to replicate, and often causes disease in the host organism.
    • 2013 May-June, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 193:
      Bats host many high-profile viruses that can infect humans, including severe acute respiratory syndrome and Ebola.
    • 2001, Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 64)
      Viruses are the smallest and most simplified forms of life.
  3. A disease caused by these organisms.
    He caught a virus and had to stay home from school.
  4. (computing) A program which can covertly transmit itself between computers via networks (especially the Internet) or removable storage such as disks, often causing damage to systems and data; also computer virus.

SynonymsEdit

HypernymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus m (plural virus)

  1. virus

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus m (plural virus)

  1. virus

Related termsEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus m

  1. virus

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • virus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • virus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus c, n (singular definite virussen or virusset, plural indefinite virus or virusser or vira, plural definite virussene or virusserne or viraene)

  1. virus

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: vi‧rus

NounEdit

virus n (plural virussen, diminutive virusje n)

  1. (microbiology) virus
  2. (computer science) virus

Usage notesEdit

Like most Latin borrowings, this word kept its original Latin gender (neuter); it is one of the few words ending in -us which is not masculine.

DescendantsEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

virus

  1. virus

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of virus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative virus virukset
genitive viruksen virusten
viruksien
partitive virusta viruksia
illative virukseen viruksiin
singular plural
nominative virus virukset
accusative nom. virus virukset
gen. viruksen
genitive viruksen virusten
viruksien
partitive virusta viruksia
inessive viruksessa viruksissa
elative viruksesta viruksista
illative virukseen viruksiin
adessive viruksella viruksilla
ablative virukselta viruksilta
allative virukselle viruksille
essive viruksena viruksina
translative virukseksi viruksiksi
instructive viruksin
abessive viruksetta viruksitta
comitative viruksineen

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

virus m (plural virus)

  1. virus

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus (poison, slime, venom).

NounEdit

virus m (plural virus)

  1. virus (pathogen)
  2. computer virus

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus m

  1. virus

LatinEdit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

EtymologyEdit

Via rhotacism from Proto-Italic *weisos, from Proto-Indo-European *weys- ("fluidity, slime, poison"). Cognates include Sanskrit विष (víṣa), Ancient Greek ἰός (iós), and Tocharian B wase.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vīrus n (genitive vīrī); second declension

  1. slimy liquid, slime
  2. poison, venom

DeclensionEdit

Second declension, nominative/accusative/vocative in -us.

Case Singular
nominative vīrus
genitive vīrī
dative vīrō
accusative vīrus
ablative vīrō
vocative vīrus
  • There is also the heteroclitic genitive singular vīrus.

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • virus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • virus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • virus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to vent one's anger, spite on some one: virus acerbitatis suae effundere in aliquem (De Amic. 23. 87)
    • (ambiguous) many learned men; many scholars: multi viri docti, or multi et ii docti (not multi docti)
    • (ambiguous) to separate (of the woman): repudium remittere viro (Dig. 24. 3)
    • (ambiguous) statesmen: viri rerum civilium, rei publicae gerendae periti or viri in re publica prudentes
    • (ambiguous) men of rank and dignity: viri clari et honorati (De Sen. 7. 22)
  • virus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

AnagramsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus n (definite singular viruset, indefinite plural virus, definite plural virusa or virusene)

  1. a virus
  2. a computer virus (see datavirus)

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus n (definite singular viruset, indefinite plural virus, definite plural virusa)

  1. a virus
  2. a computer virus (see datavirus)

ReferencesEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French virus, Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus n (plural virusuri)

  1. virus

DeclensionEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

NounEdit

vírus m (Cyrillic spelling ви́рус)

  1. (medicine) virus (DNA/RNA causing disease)
  2. (computing) computer virus

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus m (plural virus)

  1. virus
  2. computer virus

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin virus.

NounEdit

virus n

  1. virus