English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /waɪs/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪs

Alternative forms edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English wis (certain, sure), from an aphetic form of Middle English iwis, ywis (certain, sure) (from Old English ġewiss (certain, sure)), or of North Germanic origin, akin to Icelandic viss (certain). Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *gawissaz. More at iwis.

Adverb edit

wis (comparative more wis, superlative most wis)

  1. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Certainly, surely.
    • 1884, Charlotte Mary Yonge, The armourer's prentices:
      So I wis would the Dragon under him []
  2. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Really, truly.
  3. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Indeed.
Derived terms edit

Adjective edit

wis (comparative more wis, superlative most wis)

  1. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Certain.
  2. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Sure.
    He was wis on his word.
    I am wis that it will happen.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From an incorrect division, mistaking iwis (certain) for I wis (I know). See ywis for more information. The German verb wissen may appear similar, but in fact corresponds etymologically to the English verb wit; both of those verbs ultimately descend from the same Proto-Indo-European root as this one.

Verb edit

wis (third-person singular simple present wis, no present participle, no simple past, past participle wist or wissed)

  1. (obsolete or archaic) To know.
    • c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene ix]:
      "The fire seven times tried this: / Seven times tried that judgement is, / That did never choose amiss. / Some there be that shadows kiss: / Such have but a shadow's bliss. / There be fools alive, I wis, / Silver'd o'er; and so was this. / I will ever be your head: / So be gone: you are sped."
  2. (obsolete or archaic) To think, suppose.
  3. (obsolete or archaic) To imagine, ween; to deem.
    • 1889, Harriet McEwen Kimball, Poems, "In the Garden":
      And oh, that I should see that star remote / Yet His near Glory miss / Whereto the sun itself and stars do float / As motes, I wis!
    • 1797, S[amuel] T[aylor] Coleridge, “Christabel. Part I.”, in Christabel: Kubla Khan, a Vision: The Pains of Sleep, London: [] John Murray, [], by William Bulmer and Co. [], published 1816, →OCLC, page 8:
      As sure as Heaven shall rescue me, / I have no thought what men they be; / Nor do I know how long it is / (For I have lain in fits, I wis) []

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Verb edit

wis

  1. preterite of weet; knew

Chuukese edit

Noun edit

wis

  1. duty, responsibility

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Germanic *wissaz, past participle of *witaną. See gewis.

Adjective edit

wis (not comparable)

  1. sure, certain
    een wisse dood — a certain death
Inflection edit
Inflection of wis
uninflected wis
inflected wisse
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial wis
indefinite m./f. sing. wisse
n. sing. wis
plural wisse
definite wisse
partitive wis

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Dutch wisch, from Old Dutch *wisk, from Proto-Germanic *wiskaz (bundle of straw, hay).

Noun edit

wis f or m (plural wissen, diminutive wisje n)

  1. twig
  2. bundle, bunch
  3. short for wisdoek (dishcloth)

Etymology 3 edit

Verb edit

wis

  1. inflection of wissen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

wis

  1. Romanization of 𐍅𐌹𐍃

Javanese edit

Javanese register set
ꦏꦮꦶ (kawi): sampun
ꦏꦿꦩꦲꦶꦁꦒꦶꦭ꧀ (krama inggil): pun
ꦏꦿꦩꦲꦤ꧀ꦝꦥ꧀ (krama andhap): wis

Adverb edit

The template Template:jv-adv does not use the parameter(s):
j=ꦮꦶꦱ꧀
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

wis

  1. already

Kabyle edit

Particle edit

wis (feminine tis)

  1. -th, forms ordinal numerals by preceding a cardinal numeral
    wis (-th) + ‎kraḍ (three) → ‎wis kraḍ (third)
    wis (-th) + ‎xemsa (five) → ‎wis xemsa (fifth)

Usage notes edit

  • The particle agrees in gender with its associated noun. If this noun is feminine, the particle has a feminine form tis.
  • The particle may be used before both native Kabyle numerals and Arabic-derived numerals.
  • The particle is not used before yiwen (one). The adjective amezwaru (first) is used instead of such an ordinal.

Old Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to see, to know).

Adjective edit

wīs

  1. wise

Inflection edit


Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • wīs”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weydstos (knowledgeable), an extension of *weyd- (to see, to know). Akin to Old High German wīs and Old Norse víss.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

wīs

  1. wise

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle English: wis, wys

Old High German edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weydstos (knowledgeable), an extension of *weyd- (to see, to know). Akin to Old English wīs and Old Norse víss.

Adjective edit

wīs

  1. wise

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Old Saxon edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weydstos (knowledgeable), an extension of *weyd- (to see, to know). Akin to Old English wīs, Old High German wīs and Old Norse víss.

Adjective edit

wīs

  1. wise

Declension edit




Descendants edit

Scots edit

Etymology edit

Compare West Frisian wie.

Verb edit

wis

  1. simple past tense of be

Usage notes edit

Wis is used with singular pronouns and plural nouns, and wis, war or wir are used with plural pronouns.

See also edit

Tagalog edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: wis
  • IPA(key): /ˈwis/, [ˈwis]

Pronoun edit

wis (Baybayin spelling ᜏᜒᜐ᜔)

  1. (gay slang) Alternative form of was

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

See witte (to know, be sure). Related to English wis.

Adjective edit

wis

  1. certain, sure
  2. true
  3. safe, trustworthy

Inflection edit

Inflection of wis
uninflected wis
inflected wisse
comparative wisser
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial wis wisser it wist
it wiste
indefinite c. sing. wisse wissere wiste
n. sing. wis wisser wiste
plural wisse wissere wiste
definite wisse wissere wiste
partitive wis wissers

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • wis (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011