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See also: -wis and Wis.

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /waɪs/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪs

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English wis (certain, sure), from an aphetic form of Middle English iwis, ywis (certain, sure) (from Old English ġewiss (certain, sure)), or of North Germanic origin, akin to Icelandic viss (certain). Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *gawissaz. More at iwis.

AdverbEdit

wis (comparative more wis, superlative most wis)

  1. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Certainly, surely
    • 1884, Charlotte Mary Yonge, The armourer's prentices:
      So I wis would the Dragon under him [...]
  2. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Really, truly
  3. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Indeed
    • Chaucer
    As wis God helpe me.

AdjectiveEdit

wis (comparative more wis, superlative most wis)

  1. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Certain
  2. (rare, obsolete or dialectal) Sure
    He was wis on his word.
    I am wis that it will happen.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From an incorrect division, mistaking iwis (certain) for I wis (I know). See ywis for more information. The German verb wissen appears similar, but in fact corresponds etymologically to the English verb wit; both of those verbs are only indirectly related to this one.

VerbEdit

wis (third-person singular simple present wis, present participle -, simple past -, past participle wist or wissed)

  1. (obsolete or archaic) To know.
    • 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II, Scene ix[1]:
      "The fire seven times tried this:
      Seven times tried that judgement is,
      That did never choose amiss.
      Some there be that shadows kiss:
      Such have but a shadow's bliss.
      There be fools alive, I wis,
      Silver'd o'er; and so was this.
      I will ever be your head:
      So be gone: you are sped."
  2. (obsolete or archaic) To think, suppose.
    • R. Browning
    Howe'er you wis.
  3. (obsolete or archaic) To imagine, ween; to deem.
    • Coleridge
    Nor do I know how long it is (For I have lain entranced, I wis).

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

VerbEdit

wis

  1. preterite of weet; knew

ChuukeseEdit

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

AdjectiveEdit

wis (not comparable)

  1. sure, certain
    een wisse dood — a certain death
InflectionEdit
Inflection of wis
uninflected wis
inflected wisse
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial wis
indefinite m./f. sing. wisse
n. sing. wis
plural wisse
definite wisse
partitive wis

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

wis f or m (plural wissen, diminutive wisje n)

  1. twig
  2. bundle, bunch
  3. short for wisdoek (dishcloth)

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

wis

  1. first-person singular present indicative of wissen
  2. imperative of wissen

GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

wis

  1. Romanization of 𐍅𐌹𐍃

JavaneseEdit

Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to see, to know).

AdjectiveEdit

wīs

  1. wise

InflectionEdit


DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • wīs”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weydstos (knowledgeable), an extension of *weyd- (to see, to know). Akin to Old High German wīs and Old Norse víss.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

wīs

  1. wise
    Homō sapiēns is on Englisċ "wīs mann."
    Homo sapiens is "wise person" in English.

DeclensionEdit

Weak Strong
case singular plural case singular plural
m n f m n f m n f
nominative wīsa wīse wīse wīsan nom. wīs wīse wīs wīsa, -e
accusative wīsan wīse wīsan acc. wīsne wīs wīse wīse wīs wīsa, -e
genitive wīsan wīsra, wīsena gen. wīses wīses wīsre wīsra
dative wīsan wīsum dat. wīsum wīsum wīsre wīsum
instrumental wīse

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weydstos (knowledgeable), an extension of *weyd- (to see, to know). Akin to Old English wīs and Old Norse víss.

AdjectiveEdit

wīs

  1. wise

DescendantsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wīsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *weydstos (knowledgeable), an extension of *weyd- (to see, to know). Akin to Old English wīs, Old High German wīs and Old Norse víss.

AdjectiveEdit

wīs

  1. wise

DeclensionEdit


DescendantsEdit


ScotsEdit

VerbEdit

wis

  1. simple past tense of be

Usage notesEdit

Use wis with singular pronouns & plural nouns, otherwise use wis, war or wir with plural pronouns.

See alsoEdit


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

AdjectiveEdit

wis

  1. certain, sure
  2. true
  3. safe, trustworthy

InflectionEdit

Inflection of wis
uninflected wis
inflected wisse
comparative wisser
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial wis wisser it wist
it wiste
indefinite c. sing. wisse wissere wiste
n. sing. wis wisser wiste
plural wisse wissere wiste
definite wisse wissere wiste
partitive wis wissers

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • wis (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011