Last modified on 7 July 2014, at 13:34
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
西-bw.png
Stroke order
西-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事): derived from a pictogram of a bird settling into its nest, and by analogy with the setting of the sun means "west".

西 西 西 西
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

西 (radical 146 西+0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一金田 (MCW)西, four-corner 10600, composition)


ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1128, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34763
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1595, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2805, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+897F

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.
西

EtymologyEdit

  • "Image of a bird sitting on its nest... the West, for the birds go to roost when the sun is setting" --Wieger.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (西, reconstructed)
Character (西), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 先稽切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sei/ /siei/ /sei/ /sei/ /sɛj/ /siei/ /sɛi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (西, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
西 ‹ sej › /*s-nˁər/ west
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
西 13236 西 1 西 /*sɯːl/

NounEdit

西

  1. west, western

Coordinate termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

西 is the 146th radical of the Chinese dictionary. In its few compounds it most often appears at the top in the form 覀 as in . It is important to distinguish it from and .


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

西

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

nishi may be used as separate word. sei, on the other hand, is used mainly in compounds, like 西南 (せいなん seinan) - south west (literally "west south").

NounEdit

西 (hiragana にし, romaji nishi)

  1. the west

Proper nounEdit

西 (hiragana にし, romaji Nishi)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

西 (seo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seo, McCune-Reischauer: sŏ, Yale: se)
  • Name (hangeul): 서녘 (revised: seonyeok, McCune-Reischauer: sŏnyŏk, Yale: senyekh)
  • Examples
    • 서부 西部 (seobu) western (part)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

西 (hiragana いり, romaji iri)

NounEdit

西 (hiragana いり, romaji iri)

  1. the West

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

西 (tây)

  • Sơn Tây 山西
  • Tây Sơn 西山
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999