See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
西-bw.png
Stroke order
西-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事): derived from a pictogram of a bird settling into its nest, and by analogy with the setting of the sun means "west".

西 西 西 西
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

西 (radical 146 西+0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一金田 (MCW)西, four-corner 10600, composition)

  1. west, western
  2. westward, occident

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (north)
  • (east)
  • (south)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1128, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34763
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1595, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2805, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+897F

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

西 (Jyutping sai1, Yale sai1)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

西

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

nishi may be used as separate word. sei, on the other hand, is used mainly in compounds, like 西南 (せいなん seinan) - south west (literally "west south").

NounEdit

西 (hiragana にし, romaji nishi)

  1. the west

Proper nounEdit

西 (hiragana にし, romaji Nishi)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

西 (seo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seo, McCune-Reischauer: sŏ, Yale: se)
  • Name (hangeul): 서녘 (revised: seonyeok, McCune-Reischauer: sŏnyŏk, Yale: senyekh)
  • Examples
    • 서부 西部 (seobu) western (part)

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.
西

EtymologyEdit

  • "Image of a bird sitting on its nest... the West, for the birds go to roost when the sun is setting" --Wieger.

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

西 (Pinyin (), yāo (yāo), yǎo (yǎo), Wade-Giles hsi1, yao1, yao3, Yale syi)

AdjectiveEdit

西 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. Western; occidental

NounEdit

西 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. west

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

西 is the 146th radical of the Chinese dictionary. In its few compounds it most often appears at the top in the form 覀 as in . It is important to distinguish it from and .

ReferencesEdit


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

西 (traditional and simplified, POJ sai (sai1) (vernacular), se (se1) (literary), si (si1) (native))

  1. west-
    西北風

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

西 (hiragana いり, romaji iri)

NounEdit

西 (hiragana いり, romaji iri)

  1. the West

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

西 (tây)

  • Sơn Tây 山西
  • Tây Sơn 西山

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:53