See also: แก้

Thai edit

Pronunciation edit

æ k ˋ
Royal Institutekae
(standard) IPA(key)/kɛː˨˩/(R)

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Tai *keːᴮ (old (of living beings)). Cognate with Northern Thai ᨠᩯ᩵, Southern Thai แก๋, Lao ແກ່ (), Isan แก or แก่, ᦶᦂᧈ (k̇ae¹), Tai Dón ꪵꪀꫀ, Shan ၵႄႇ (kàae), Tai Nüa ᥐᥥᥱ (), Phake ကေ (ke), Ahom 𑜀𑜦𑜧 (), Zhuang geq, Saek เก.

Adjective edit

แก่ (gɛ̀ɛ) (abstract noun ความแก่)

  1. old; aged; aging.
  2. mature; ripe.
  3. dark (as in colour).
  4. concentrated; strong.
Antonyms edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Cognate with Lao ແກ່ ().

Preposition edit

แก่ (gɛ̀ɛ)

  1. to: used for identifying the person or thing affected by or receiving something.
Usage notes edit
  • Often confused with กับ (gàp, with). For example, ให้แก่ (hâi-gɛ̀ɛ, to give (something) to (someone)) is often misused as ให้กับ (hâi-gàp, to give (something) with (someone)).
  • Replaceable by ต่อ (dtɔ̀ɔ) and แด่ (dɛ̀ɛ). The latter, however, conveys a sense of great honour or respect and is often used to address gods, priests, royal persons, persons in authority, etc.

Etymology 3 edit

Preposition edit

แก่ (gɛ̀ɛ)

  1. (archaic) from.[1]
  2. (archaic) of; belonging to.[1]

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 ราชบัณฑิตยสภา (2020) พจนานุกรมโบราณศัพท์ ฉบับราชบัณฑิตยสภา (in Thai), Bangkok: สำนักงานราชบัณฑิตยสภา, →ISBN, page 38