See also: รก

ThaiEdit

PronunciationEdit

Orthographic/Phonemicรัก
r ạ k
RomanizationPaiboonrák
Royal Instituterak
(standard) IPA(key)/rak̚˦˥/
Homophonesรักข์
รักษ์
Audio

Etymology 1Edit

From a Mon-Khmer language; ultimately from Proto-Mon-Khmer *r(a)k (to love; beloved, dear). Cognate with Northern Thai ᩁᩢ᩠ᨠ, Isan ฮัก, Lao ຮັກ (hak), ᦣᧅ (hak), Shan ႁၵ်ႉ (hâ̰k), Tai Nüa ᥞᥐᥳ (hȧk). Outside Tai-Kadai, cognate with Khmer រាក់ (rĕək, friendly, cordial, pleasant; intimate, affectionate), as in រាក់ទាក់ (reak-teak, friendly, warm, pleasant). The Proto-Mon-Khmer root possibly represents an allofam of the proto-root *mr[a]k, *rmr[a]k (compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *mak ~ *ma(a)k (to like, love)), whence Khmer ម្រក់ (mrŭək, girl's friend of same sex, man's friend's wife), and possibly Thai มลัก (má-lák, to love, to like).

VerbEdit

รัก (rák) (abstract noun การรัก)

  1. to love, to have affection (for), to adore, to admire, to cherish, to be fond (of); to prefer, to favour.

NounEdit

รัก (rák)

  1. love, affection, adoration, admiration, cherishment, fondness; preference, favour.

AdjectiveEdit

รัก (rák) (abstract noun ความรัก)

  1. loved; beloved; adored; admired; cherished; dear; darling.

Derived termsEdit

Derived terms

Etymology 2Edit

Uncertain. Cognate with Lao ຮັກ (hak). Compare Sanskrit आर्क (ārka, crown flower), Pali akka.

NounEdit

รัก (rák)

  1. (botany) (ต้น~) crown flower: the plant Calotropis gigantea of the family Apocynaceae.
  2. (botany) (ดอก~) the flower of this plant.
    • n.d., บูรพา, หยก, “บทสุดท้ายของนิยายรัก”, in บันทึกไว้ในวงวรรณเรื่องของวรรคทอง[6], Bangkok: สมาคมนักกลอนแห่งประเทศไทย, published 2003-06-09, retrieved 2019-09-17:
      ดอกรักบานในหัวใจใครทั้งโลก แต่ดอกโศกบานในหัวใจฉัน
      dɔ̀ɔk rák baan nai hǔua-jai krai táng lôok · dtɛ̀ɛ dɔ̀ɔk sòok baan nai hǔua-jai chǎn
      Rak [a play on words for 'crown flower' and 'love'] flowers bloom in the heart of everyone throughout the world, but sok [a play on words for 'Saraca tree' and 'sadness'] flowers bloom in my heart.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Tai *rakᴰ (lacquer). Compare Sanskrit लाक्षा (lākṣā, a species of plant).

NounEdit

รัก (rák)

  1. (botany) (ต้น~) Burmese lacquer: the plant Gluta usitata of the family Anacardiaceae.
  2. (botany) (ดอก~) the flower of this plant.