See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人人人十 (OOOJ), four-corner 80408, composition𠈌)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 113, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 966
  • Dae Jaweon: page 241, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 198, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+5098

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (61)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: sǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑnX/ /sɑnX/ /sɑnX/ /sanX/ /sɑnX/ /sɑnX/ /sɑnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sǎn ‹ sanX › /*[s]ˤarʔ/ umbrella, parasol

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10966 1 /*saːnʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. umbrella, parasol
    /   ―  sǎn  ―  umbrella
    /   ―  yángsǎn  ―  parasol
  2. parachute
    /   ―  tiàosǎn  ―  parachute
    降落 / 降落  ―  jiàngluòsǎn  ―  parachute
    /   ―  sǎnbīng  ―  paratrooper; parachuter
  3. umbrella-like object

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of ("umbrella")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei 撐桿子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 遮仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 遮仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 遮仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping 遮仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 雨傘
Jin Taiyuan 傘兒
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou 雨傘
Xiamen 雨傘
Zhangzhou 雨傘
Taipei
Chaozhou 雨傘雨遮
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou 雨傘
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(counter , hiragana かさ, romaji kasa)

  1. umbrella, parasol
     (かさ) ()
    kasa o sasu
    hold an umbrella
     (かさ) (ひろ)げる
    kasa o hirogeru
    open an umbrella
     (かさ)をすぼめる
    kasa o subomeru
    close an umbrella
     (かさ) ()
    kasa o maku
    roll up an umbrella

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(san) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer san)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tản, tàn, tán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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