See also:
U+51CC, 凌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51CC

[U+51CB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51CD]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 15, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈一土金水 (IMGCE), four-corner 34147, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 132, character 45
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1669
  • Dae Jaweon: page 297, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 298, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+51CC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯŋ): semantic (ice) + phonetic (OC *rɯŋ).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/lieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liŋ/
Li
Rong
/liəŋ/
Wang
Li
/lĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
líng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
líng líng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ling › ‹ ling ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]əŋ/ /*p.rəŋ/
English transgress; attack ice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8244
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ice
  2. to rise high; to go up
  3. to place oneself above; to override
  4. to ride (wind, etc.)
  5. to bully and humiliate; to insult; to encroach on; to invade
  6. to approach; to draw near; to close in on
  7. to tremble
  8. disorderly; messy
  9. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to freeze up; to form ice

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. endure
  2. keep (rain) out
  3. stave off
  4. tide over
  5. defy
  6. slight
  7. surpass

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): りょう (ryō)
  • Kun: しのぐ (shinogu, 凌ぐ)

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC lɨŋ).

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 업신여길 (eopsinyeogil reung), South Korea 업신여길 (eopsinyeogil neung))
(eumhun 능가할 (neunggahal reung), South Korea 능가할 (neunggahal neung))

  1. Hanja form? of (to place oneself above; to override).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: lăng, lăn, lâng, lừng, rưng, dưng

  1. Surname