U+96F1, 雱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96F1

[U+96F0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96F2]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 173, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月卜竹尸 (MBYHS), four-corner 10227, composition)

  1. snowing heavily

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42233
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1879, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4059, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+96F1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-p(w)am (to freeze; snow) (provisionally reconstructed) (STEDT).

Insides Sinitic, (OC *pʰˁaŋ) is cognate with (OC *ʔraŋ) "sleet, snowflake", (OC *p.rəŋ) & (OC *[r]əŋ ~ p.rəŋ) (both meaning "ice"), & possibly also (OC [ŋ](r)əŋ) "to congeal" (STEDT; Baxter and Sagart, 2014);
Outsides Sinitic, cognate with Proto-Tani *pam (snow), Japhug jpɣom (to freeze), tɤjpɣom (ice) (STEDT; Zhang, Jacques, and Lai, 2019).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰaŋ/
Li
Rong
/pʰɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/pʰɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pāng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
pong1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
páng
Middle
Chinese
‹ phang ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰˁaŋ/
English heavy snowfall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2994
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰaːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. heavy snowfall

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): ほう ()