Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 22 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸一土 (SMG), four-corner 71711, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 153, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2606
  • Dae Jaweon: page 345, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 83, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5321

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kʰuaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰuaŋ²¹/
Xining /kʰuɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰuɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kʰuɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /kʰuã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /kʰuɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /kʰuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kʰuɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kʰuɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /kʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰuɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰyɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /kʰo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰia³¹/
Tunxi /kʰau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuan³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰian³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /kʰioŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰioŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /hɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ⁵³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰiɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xuaŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰʉɐŋ/ /kʰiwaŋ/ /kʰiuaŋ/ /kʰʷiɐŋ/ /kʰuaŋ/ /kʰĭwaŋ/ /kʰiuɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kuāng ‹ khjwang › /*k-pʰaŋ/ square basket

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12721 0 /*kʰʷaŋ/ 說文所從𡉚聲,甲文爲從止王聲字

DefinitionsEdit

  1. correct, restore, revise

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwang) (hangeul , revised gwang, McCune-Reischauer kwang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khuôn, khuông)

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