Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
匡-silk.svg 匡-bigseal.svg 匡-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 22 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸一土 (SMG), four-corner 71711, composition)

  1. correct, restore, revise

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 153, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2606
  • Dae Jaweon: page 345, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 83, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5321

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kʰuaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰuaŋ²¹/
Xining /kʰuɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰuɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kʰuɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /kʰuã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /kʰuɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /kʰuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kʰuɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kʰuɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /kʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰuɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰyɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /kʰo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰia³¹/
Tunxi /kʰau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuan³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰian³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /kʰioŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰioŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /hɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ⁵³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰiɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xuaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (106)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʉɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kʰiuaŋ/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭwaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiwaŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*k-pʰaŋ/
English square basket

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12721
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷaŋ/
Notes 𡉚

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwang) (hangeul , revised gwang, McCune-Reischauer kwang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khuôn, khuông)

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