See also: and
U+6B62, 止
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B62

[U+6B61]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B63]
U+2F4C, ⽌
KANGXI RADICAL STOP

[U+2F4B]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F4D]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Alternative forms

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  • 𣥂
  • (when used as a bottom radical)

Note that may also be a component of the radicals (𤴓/𤴔), (), , and (𧾷).

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 77, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜中一 (YLM), four-corner 21100, composition ⿱⿰ or or )

  1. Kangxi radical #77, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №27

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 573, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 961, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1435, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6B62

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
             

Pictogram (象形) – a footprint, originally meaning "foot". The derivative (OC *kjɯʔ) refers to the original meaning. Compare (“hand”). Note that in oracle script, composed of 3 toes and a sole.

Compare to , , which have similar shape in oracle script, but pointing down (toe pointing right), and 𡕒 (as in right side of , roughly , toe pointing left), hence different evolution.

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsyiX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǐ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*təʔ/
English foot; stop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17297
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kjɯʔ/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. foot
  2. to stop; to halt
      ―  xiūzhǐ  ―  to stop
  3. to bring to an end; to stop; to relieve
      ―  zhǐyǎng  ―  to stop itching (irritation)
  4. to end; to finish
  5. only (original form of (zhǐ))
  6. 71st tetragram of the Taixuanjing (𝍌)
  7. (literary, archaic) Sentence-final particle indicating an emphasis.

Synonyms

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  • (to stop):

Antonyms

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  • (antonym(s) of stop): (shǐ)

Compounds

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (とめる): to stop
  2. (やめる): to stop, to terminate

Readings

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Compounds

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Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 그칠 (geuchil ji))

  1. Hanja form? of (stop).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: chỉ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.