See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – a footprint, originally meaning "toe". The derivative refers to the original meaning. Compare ‎(hand). Note that in oracle script, composed of 3 toes and a sole.

Compare to , , which have similar shape in oracle script, but pointing down (toe pointing right), and 𡕒 (as in right side of , roughly , toe pointing left), hence different evolution.

Han characterEdit

(radical 77 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜中一 (YLM), four-corner 21100)

DefinitionsEdit

  1. stop, halt, desist, terminate
  2. detain
  3. foot (Archaic, from Oracle script, according to the Japanese dictionary Kanjigen, 漢字源 Fujido, replaced by )

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 573, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 961, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1435, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6B62

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiəX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*təʔ/
English foot; stop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17297
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kjɯʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("only").
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (とめる): to stop
  2. (やめる): to stop, to terminate

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 止瀉剤 ‎(ししゃざい, shishazai)
  • 止宿 ‎(ししゅく, shishuku)
  • 止水 ‎(しすい, shisui)
  • 止痛 ‎(しつう, shitsū)
  • 車輪止 ‎(しゃりんどめ, sharindome)
  • 臭気止 ‎(しゅうきどめ, shūkidome)
  • 終止 ‎(しゅうし, shūsi)
  • 笑止 ‎(しょうし, shōsi)
  • 止揚 ‎(しよう, shiyō)
  • 止痢剤 ‎(しりざい, shirizai)
  • 真言止観 ‎(しんごんしかん, shingonshikan)
  • 進止 ‎(しんし, shinshi)
  • 止住 ‎(しじゅう, shijū)
  • 止動方角 ‎(しどうほうがく, shidōhōgaku)
  • 制止 ‎(せいし, seishi)
  • 静止 ‎(せいし, seishi)
  • 咳止 ‎(せきどめ, sekidome)
  • 沮止 ‎(そし, soshi)
  • 阻止 ‎(そし, soshi)
  • 体言止 ‎(たいげんどめ, taigendome)
  • 中止 ‎(ちゅうし, chūshi)
  • 丁丁発止 ‎(ちょうちょうはっし, chōchōhasshi)
  • 血止 ‎(ちどめ, chidome)
  • 停止 ‎(ていし, teishi)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ji)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ji, McCune-Reischauer: chi, Yale: ci)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chỉ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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