Contents

ChineseEdit

 
base; foundation; basic; radical (chem.)
 
roots or stems of plants; origin; source; this; the current; root; foundation; basis; (a measure word)
simp. and trad.
(基本)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (1)
Final () (19) (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/ /puənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/ /puonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/ /puənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/ /pwənX/
Li
Rong
/kiə/ /puənX/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/ /puənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/ /puənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
běn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
běn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ki › ‹ pwonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)ə/ /*C.pˤə[n]ʔ/
English base (n.) tree trunk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9930 473
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/ /*pɯːnʔ/

NounEdit

基本

  1. basis; root; fundament

AdjectiveEdit

基本

  1. basic; fundamental; elementary; rudimentary
    馬克思主義基本原理 [MSC, trad.]
    马克思主义基本原理 [MSC, simp.]
    mǎkèsīzhǔyì jīběn yuánlǐ [Pinyin]
    the basic principles of Marxism
  2. important; essential; main

AdverbEdit

基本

  1. overall; on the whole; generally; more or less; in the main

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
ほん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

基本 ‎(hiragana きほん, romaji kihon)

  1. foundation, basis, standard
  2. (martial arts) kihon

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

基本 ‎(gibon) ‎(hangeul 기본)

  1. Hanja form? of 기본, “basis, foundation”.