ChineseEdit

 
base; foundation; basic
base; foundation; basic; radical (chemistry)
 
roots or stems of plants; origin; source
roots or stems of plants; origin; source; this; the current; root; foundation; basis; (a measure word)
simp. and trad.
(基本)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (1)
Final () (19) (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/ /puənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/ /puonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/ /puənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/ /pwənX/
Li
Rong
/kiə/ /puənX/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/ /puənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/ /puənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
běn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gei1 bun2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
běn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ki › ‹ pwonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)ə/ /*C.pˁə[n]ʔ/
English base (n.) tree trunk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9930 473
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/ /*pɯːnʔ/

NounEdit

基本

  1. basis; root; fundament

SynonymsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

基本

  1. basic; fundamental; elementary; rudimentary
    基本詞彙 / 基本词汇  ―  jīběn cíhuì  ―  basic vocabulary
    基本假設 / 基本假设  ―  jīběn jiǎshè  ―  basic assumption
    馬克思主義基本原理 [MSC, trad.]
    马克思主义基本原理 [MSC, simp.]
    mǎkèsīzhǔyì jīběn yuánlǐ [Pinyin]
    the basic principles of Marxism
    申請入黨基本條件 [MSC, trad.]
    申请入党基本条件 [MSC, simp.]
    shēnqǐng rùdǎng de jīběn tiáojiàn [Pinyin]
    basic requirements for applying for party membership
  2. important; essential; main

SynonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

基本

  1. overall; on the whole; generally; more or less; in the main

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (基本):
  • Japanese: ()(ほん) (kihon)
  • Korean: 기본 (基本, gibon)
  • Vietnamese: cơ bản (基本)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
ほん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

()(ほん) (kihon

  1. basis, foundation
  2. (martial arts) kihon

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

基本 (gibon) (hangeul 기본)

  1. Hanja form? of 기본 (basis, foundation).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

基本

  1. Hán tự form of cơ bản (basic; essential; fundamental).

AdverbEdit

基本

  1. Hán tự form of cơ bản (basically; essentially).