U+57FA, 基
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57FA

[U+57F9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57FB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿金土 (TCG), four-corner 44104, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 231, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5197
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 449, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+57FA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯs
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *ɡɯ
*kɯ, *kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯ
*kʰɯs
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ, *ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯ
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯ): phonetic (OC *kɯ, *ɡɯ) + semantic (earth) – a foundation of earth.

EtymologyEdit

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

“Gay”: borrowing from English gay into Cantonese, then from Cantonese to Mandarin.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/
Li
Rong
/kiə/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ki ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)ə/
English base (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9930
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. foot of a wall; foundation
  2. base of any building; foundations; basis
  3. (figuratively) basis; foundation; base
  4. to lay a foundation
  5. cardinal; basic; capital
  6. (chemistry) radical; group
  7. Alternative form of (“whole year, month or day”).
  8. (loanword, neologism, slang) gay; homosexual
      ―  gǎo  ―  to be gay; to engage in homosexual activities
      ―  yǒu  ―  gay buddy

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. base
  2. be based on

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana もとい, romaji Motoi)

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana もと, romaji moto)

  1. Alternative form of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.