U+57FA, 基
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57FA

[U+57F9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57FB]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 32, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿金土 (TCG), four-corner 44104, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 231, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5197
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 449, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+57FA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𡉊
𡉝
𡋵

𨄎

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯ): phonetic  (OC *kɯ, *ɡɯ) + semantic  (earth) – a foundation of earth.

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

“gay”
Borrowed from English gay into Cantonese, then from Cantonese to Mandarin.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/
Li
Rong
/kiə/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ki ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)ə/
English base (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9930
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. foot of a wall; foundation
  2. base of any building; foundations; basis
  3. (figuratively) basis; foundation; base
  4. to lay a foundation
  5. cardinal; basic; capital; fundamental
  6. (chemistry) radical; group
  7. Alternative form of (“whole year, month or day”).
  8. Short for 基隆 (Jīlóng, “Keelung”).
    北北  ―  Běi Běi   ―  Taipei, New Taipei and Keelung
  9. (neologism, slang) gay; homosexual
      ―  gǎo  ―  to be gay; to engage in homosexual activities
      ―  yǒu  ―  gay buddy
  10. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

  • (gay): (feminine connotation) ()

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. base
  2. be based on

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Proper nounEdit

(もとい) (Motoi

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

(もと) (moto

  1. Alternative form of

Etymology 3Edit

AffixEdit

() (ki

  1. foundation; base; basis

CounterEdit

() (-ki

  1. counter for grounded things (e.g. pyramids, electric power plants, wells, toro (Japanese traditional lantern), tombs)
  2. counter for wooden grave tablet (卒塔婆(そとば) (sotoba))

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune–Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.