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U+9748, 靈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9748

[U+9747]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9749]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 173, +16, 24 strokes, cangjie input 一月口口人 (MBRRO) or 一月口口一 (MBRRM), four-corner 10108, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1380, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42532
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1889, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4082, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9748

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ

Found as 𩆜 in Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *reːŋ): phonetic  (OC *reːŋ) + semantic  (jade).

The semantic component (“jade”) may be replaced with (“witch”), as in the current form, or with (“heart”) or (“memorial tablet”) in the ancient bronze inscription forms.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ling4 - literary;
  • leng4 - vernacular.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /leŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /leŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɛŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɛjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /leŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /lieŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lieŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    líng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    líng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ leng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˁeŋ/
    English supernatural

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8259
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*reːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. god; deity
    2. soul; spirit
    3. coffin
    4. effective; efficacious
    5. keen; quick
    6. nimble

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of : soul, spirit; ghost; mystery

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ryeong, yeong) (hangeul , , revised ryeong, yeong, McCune–Reischauer ryŏng, yŏng, Yale lyeung, yeung)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (linh, lanh, lẻng, leng, lênh, liêng, lình)

    1. spirit, soul