U+BB34, 무
HANGUL SYLLABLE MU
Composition: +

[U+BB33]
Hangul Syllables
[U+BB35]

묿


묘 ←→ 뭐

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From earlier 무우 (muu) (unstandardized in South Korea in 1988), from Middle Korean 무ᅀᅮ (Yale: mwùzwù), connective form before suffixes 무ᇫㅇ (Yale: mwùzG-), from pre-Middle Korean *mwusuk.[1] Dialects commonly preserve the medial /-s-/.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [mu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?mu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?mu
McCune–Reischauer?mu
Yale Romanization?

NounEdit

 
(mu, rutabaga)

(mu)

  1. Korean radish, a variety of daikon commonly consumed in Korea (both the plant and its edible root)
    Synonym: (rare) 나복(蘿蔔) (nabok)
  2. (by extension) similar root vegetables, including other daikons, rutabagas, swedes, and yellow turnips
Alternative formsEdit
Historical and regional synonyms of (mu, radish)
view map; edit data
GroupRegionLocationWords
Standardised formsSouth Korean Standard Language ()
North Korean Cultured Language (), 무우 (muu)
Historical formsMiddle Korean무ᅀᅮ (mwùzwù) (isolation), 무ᇫㅇ (mwùzG-) (connective)
Early Modern Seoul Korean무우 (muu)
Central KoreanGyeonggiModern colloquial Seoul (mu)
Traditional Seoul ()
Kaesong무유 (muyu)
Changpung무유 (muyu)
Yeoncheon ()
Paju (), 무이 (mu'i)
Pocheon ()
Ganghwa무이 (mu'i)
Gimpo무유 (muyu)
Goyang (), 무유 (muyu)
Yangju ()
Gapyeong ()
Siheung ()
Yangpyeong ()
Hwaseong ()
Yongin ()
Icheon무우 (muu), 무수 (musu)
Yeoju ()
Pyeongtaek ()
Anseong무수 (musu)
YeongseoChuncheon (), 무우 (muu)
Wonju (), 무수 (musu)
Kosan (), 무꾸 (mukku)
Cheorwon ()
Hwacheon ()
Yanggu (), 무꾸 (mukku)
Inje (), 무우 (muu), 무꾸 (mukku), 무수 (musu)
Hongcheon (), 무꾸 (mukku), 무수 (musu)
Hoengseong (), 무꾸 (mukku), 무수 (musu)
YeongdongGangneung (mū́), 무우 (mùú), 무우 (mũ̀ú), 무이 (mùí), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Wonsan (), 무꾸 (mukku)
Kumya ()
Kowon ()
Munchon ()
Anbyeon (), 무꾸 (mukku)
Tongchon ()
Kosong ()
Yangyang ()
Samcheok (mū́), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Pyeongchang (), 무우 (muu), 무수 (musu), 무꾸 (mukku)
Yeongwol (mū́), 무수 (mùsú), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Jeongseon무우 (muu), 무꾸 (mukku)
North ChungcheongCheongju무수 (musu), ()
Jincheon무수 (musu), ()
Eumseong무수 (musu), ()
Chungju무수 (musu), ()
Jecheon무수 (musu), (), 무우 (muu), 무꾸 (mukku)
Danyang무수 (musu), 무꾸 (mukku)
Goesan무수 (musu), ()
Boeun무수 (musu), 무우 (muu)
Okcheon무수 (musu), 무우 (muu)
Yeongdong무수 (musu), ()
South ChungcheongDaejeon무수 (musu), 무우 (muu)
Seosan무수 (musu), 무우 (muu)
Dangjin무수 (musu), 무우 (muu)
Asan무수 (musu), 무우 (muu)
Cheonan무수 (musu), (), 무우 (muu)
Yesan무수 (musu), 무우 (muu)
Hongseong무수 (musu), (), 무우 (muu)
Cheongyang무수 (musu)
Gongju무수 (musu)
Yeongi무수 (musu), ()
Boryeong무수 (musu), 무이 (mu'i)
Buyeo무수 (musu), ()
Seocheon무수 (musu), ()
Nonsan무수 (musu), 무우 (muu)
Geumsan무수 (musu), ()
South HwanghaeHaeju무유 (muyu)
Ongjin미우 (miu), ()
Yonan무이 (mu'i)
Taetan미우 (miu)
Chaeryong미우 (miu), 무이 (mu'i)
Changyon미우 (miu)
Anak미우 (miu)
Unnyul미우 (miu)
North HwanghaeHwangju (), 무이 (mu'i)
Sohung미우 (miu)
Kumchon미우 (miu)
Singye무이 (mu'i)
Suan미우 (miu)
Koksan무이 (mu'i)
Southeastern Korean
(Gyeongsang)
North GyeongsangDaegu무시 (mùsí), 무우 (mùú)
Yeongju무꾸 (mùkkú)
Bonghwa무꾸 (mùkkú)
Uljin무수 (mùsú), 무꾸 (mùkkú), (mū́)
Mungyeong무시 (mùsí), 무수 (mùsú), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Yecheon무수 (mùsú), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Andong무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú), 무우 (mùú)
Yeongyang무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú), 무우 (mùú)
Sangju무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Uiseong무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Cheongsong무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú), 무수 (mùsú), 무우 (mùú)
Yeongdeok무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú), 무우 (mùú)
Gimcheon무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Gumi무시 (mùsí), 무수 (mùsú)
Gunwi무시 (mùsí), 무수 (mùsú)
Pohang무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú), 무우 (mùú)
Seongju무시 (mùsí)
Chilgok무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú), (mū́)
Gyeongsan무시 (mùsí), 무우 (mùú)
Yeongcheon무시 (mùsí), 무우 (mùú)
Goryeong무시 (mùsí), 무우 (mùú)
Cheongdo무시 (mùsí), 무수 (mùsú), 무우 (mùú)
Gyeongju무시 (mùsí)
South GyeongsangBusan무시 (mùsí)
Ulsan무시 (mùsí)
Changwon무시 (mùsí)
Geochang무시 (mùsí), 무우 (mùú)
Hapcheon무시 (mùsí)
Changnyeong무시 (mùsí), 무수 (mùsú)
Miryang무시 (mùsí)
Hamyang무시 (mùsí)
Sancheong무시 (mùsí), 무수 (mùsú)
Uiryeong무시 (mùsí)
Hadong무시 (mùsí)
Jinju무시 (mùsí)
Haman무시 (mùsí)
Gimhae무시 (mùsí)
Yangsan무시 (mùsí)
Sacheon무시 (mùsí), 무수 (mùsú)
Goseong무시 (mùsí)
Namhae무시 (mùsí)
Tongyeong무시 (mùsí), 무수 (mùsú)
Geoje무시 (mùsí)
Ulju무시 (mùsí)
DiasporaYanbian (in general)무꾸 (mùkkú), 무수 (mùsú)
Tonghua무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Jilin City무시 (mùsí), 무꾸 (mùkkú)
Liaoyuan무꾸 (mùkkú)
Changchun무꾸 (mùkkú)
Shenyang무시 (mùsí)
Benxi무시 (mùsí)
Anshan무시 (mùsí)
Tieling무시 (mùsí)
Harbin무꾸 (mùkkú)
Jiamusi무꾸 (mùkkú)
Yichun무꾸 (mùkkú)
Southwestern Korean
(Jeolla)
North JeollaJeonju무수 (musu)
Gunsan무수 (musu)
Iksan무수 (musu)
Wanju무수 (musu)
Jinan무수 (musu)
Muju무시 (musi), 무수 (musu), ()
Gimje무시 (musi)
Buan무시 (musi)
Jeongeup무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Imsil무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Jangsu무시 (musi)
Gochang무수 (musu)
Sunchang무시 (musi), ()
Namwon무시 (musi)
South JeollaGwangju무시 (musi)
Yeonggwang무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Jangseong무시 (musi)
Damyang무시 (musi)
Gokseong무시 (musi)
Gurye무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Hampyeong무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Sinan무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Muan무수 (musu)
Mokpo무시 (musi)
Naju무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Hwasun무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Suncheon무시 (musi)
Gwangyang무시 (musi)
Yeongam무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Jindo무수 (musu)
Haenam무수 (musu)
Gangjin무시 (musi), 무수 (musu)
Wando무시 (musi)
Jangheung무시 (musi)
Boseong무시 (musi)
Goheung무시 (musi)
Yeosu무시 (musi)
Northwestern Korean
(Pyongan)
South PyonganPyongyang (), 무이 (mu'i)
North PyonganPakchon ()
Nyongbyon ()
Kusong (mu)
Kanggye ()
Chasong (mu)
DiasporaTonghua (mu)
Shenyang (mu), 무우 (muu)
Dandong (mu)
Benxi (mu)
Yingkou (mu)
Panjin (mu)
Harbin (mu), 무우 (muu)
Northeastern Korean
(Hamgyong)
South HamgyongHamhung (), 무끼 (mùkkí)
Chongpyong무수 (mùsú), ()
Yonggwang무끼 (mùkkí)
Sinhung무끼 (mùkkí)
Hongwon무끼 (mùkkí)
Pukchong무끼 (mùkkí)
Riwon무끼 (mùkkí)
Changjin ()
North HamgyongChongjin무끼 (mùkkí), 미끼 (mìkkí)
Kimchaek무끼 (mùkkí)
Kilju무끼 (mùkkí)
Kyongsong무끼 (mùkkí)
Puryong무끼 (mùkkí), 미끼 (mìkkí)
Rason무끼 (mùkkí)
Musan무끼 (mùkkí)
Hyesan무끼 (mùkkí)
Kapsan무끼 (mùkkí)
Pungso무끼 (mùkkí)
Samsu무끼 (mùkkí)
Kimhyongjik ()
DiasporaYanji무끼 (mùkkí), 므끼 (mèukkí), 무꾸 (mùkkú), 노배 (nóbàe)
Tumen무끼 (mùkkí), 무꾸 (mùkkú), 노배 (nóbàe), 노베 (nóbè)
Dunhua무끼 (mùkkí), 노배 (nóbàe)
Hunchun무끼 (mùkkí), 노배 (nóbàe)
Longjing무끼 (mùkkí), 노배 (nóbàe)
Helong무끼 (mùkkí)
Wangqing노배 (nóbàe)
Baishan무끼 (mùkkí)
Jilin City무꾸 (mùkkú) (informant's wife was a Gyeongsang speaker)
Mudanjiang무끼 (mùkkí), 노배 (nóbàe)
Jixi무끼 (mùkkí), 노배 (nóbàe)
Qitaihe무끼 (mùkkí), 노배 (nóbàe), 노베 (nóbè)
Shuangyashan무끼 (mùkkí)
Jiamusi노배 (nóbàe), 로베 (róbè)
Hegang무끼 (mùkkí)
Yukjin KoreanYukjinKyonghung무끼 (mùkkí) (possibly connective form followed by suffix )
Hoeryong무끼 (mùkkí) (possibly connective form followed by suffix )
Onsong무끼 (mùkkí) (possibly connective form followed by suffix )
DiasporaHunchun무수 (mùsù) (isolation), 무끼 (mùkkí) (isolation), (mùkk-) (connective), 노배 (nóbàe) (only Chinese radishes)
JejuJeju Cityᄂᆞᆷ삐 (nawmppi)
Daejeongᄂᆞᆷ삐 (nawmppi)
Gujwaᄂᆞᆷ삐 (nawmppi)
Seogwipoᄂᆞᆷ삐 (nawmppi)
Note: Forms listed as Northeastern may include Yukjin ones, because the consulted source did not distinguish beteen the two dialects.
This table is an amalgamation of surveys of speakers mostly born before 1950 and may not reflect the language of younger speakers, which has lexically converged towards the standard Seoul dialect in both North and South Koreas.
Derived termsEdit
trailing
leading
  • 무떡 (mutteok, radish rice cake)
  • 무말랭 (mumallaeng, sliced radish dish)
  • 무싹 (mussak, radish sprouts)
  • 무청 (mucheong, radish leaves and stalks)

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from (nothing, not being), from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: mwù).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?mu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?mu
McCune–Reischauer?mu
Yale Romanization?mu

NounEdit

(mu) (hanja )

  1. nothing, nothingness, nonexistence (especially as an abstract concept in opposition to existence)
    Antonym: 유(有) (yu)
    에서 창조하다
    mu-eseo yu-reul changjo-hada
    to create something out of nothing
  2. Used to count draws when marking scores in competitions and tournaments.
    1 2 1
    ilseung imu ilpae
    one win, two draws, one loss
  3. (Buddhism) Given in response to a koan or a question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer.
    불성 습니까? — !
    Gae-ga bulseong-i itseumnikka? - mu!
    Does a dog have a Buddha-nature? — Mu!

PrefixEdit

무— (mu-) (hanja )

  1. non-, un-, a-; a prefix marking an absence of something
    무(無) (mu) + ‎공해(公害) (gonghae, pollution) → ‎무공해(無公害) (mugonghae, non-polluting)
    무(無) (mu) + ‎소음(騷音) (so'eum, noise) → ‎무소음(無騷音) (muso'eum, noiseless)
    무(無) (mu) + ‎매너 (maeneo, manners) → ‎무(無)매너 (mumaeneo, no manners, rude)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • 없다 (eopda), the Korean adjective expressing nonexistence

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 무〯 (Yale: mwǔ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [mu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?mu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?mu
McCune–Reischauer?mu
Yale Romanization?

NounEdit

(mu) (hanja )

  1. (especially historical) martial ethos; the military arts; everything to do with warfare or (by extension) martial arts, especially as a concept in East Asian political theory
    Antonym: 문(文) (mun, literary arts, literariness, civility)
    Coordinate term: 문무(文武) (munmu, literate arts and martial knowledge considered together)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Sino-Korean word from (dance), from the Middle Korean reading 무〯 (Yale: mwǔ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [mu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?mu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?mu
McCune–Reischauer?mu
Yale Romanization?

NounEdit

(mu) (hanja )

  1. (rather uncommon) dance
    Synonym: (more common) (chum)
    • 2016, “산청군민 무(舞)로 100세시대 건강 책임집니다”, in Gyeongnam Sinmun[1]:
      산청 산청아리랑 가락 맞춰 제작한 '군민 무(舞)' 보급 나선다.
      Sancheonggun-i Sancheong'arirang garag-e matchwo jejak-han gunmin mu bogeub-e naseonda.
      Sancheong County has launched a project to disseminate a dance for the county people, created according to the melodies of the Sancheong Arirang [a local folk song]."
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 무〯 (Yale: mwǔ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [mu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?mu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?mu
McCune–Reischauer?mu
Yale Romanization?

NounEdit

(mu) (hanja )

  1. (formal, uncommon) shamanism; in particular, Korean shamanism, the indigenous religion of Korea
    Synonyms: (much more common) 무속(巫俗) (musok), 무교(巫敎) (mugyo)
  2. (formal, uncommon) shaman; priest of Korean shamanism
    Synonyms: 무당(巫堂) (mudang), 무속인(巫俗人) (musogin); see also Thesaurus:무속인
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?mu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?mu
McCune–Reischauer?mu
Yale Romanization?mu

NounEdit

(mu)

  1. gusset (especially in traditional clothing)
See alsoEdit
  • 거셋 (geoset, gusset) (especially in modern clothing)
  • 마찌 (majji, gusset) (especially in modern clothing)

Etymology 7Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters, from Middle Korean (Yale: mwù), 무〯 (Yale: mwǔ).

SyllableEdit

(mu)

Extended content
  1. : not being, absent
    (eumhun reading: 없을 (eopseul mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨo))
  2. : variant of
    (MC reading: (MC mɨo, muo))
  3. : firm
    (eumhun reading: 굳셀 (gutsel mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoX))
  4. : dance
    (eumhun reading: (chumchul mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoX))
  5. 貿: trade
    (eumhun reading: 무역할 (muyeokhal mu))
    (MC reading: 貿 (MC məuH))
  6. : effort
    (eumhun reading: 힘쓸 (himsseul mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoH))
  7. : lush
    (eumhun reading: 무성할 (museonghal mu))
    (MC reading: (MC məuH))
  8. : shaman
    (eumhun reading: 무당 (mudang mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨo))
  9. : a Heavenly Stem
    (eumhun reading: 천간 (cheon'gan mu))
    (MC reading: (MC məuH))
  10. : fog
    (eumhun reading: 안개 (an'gae mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoH))
  11. : parrot
    (eumhun reading: 앵무 (aengmu mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoX))
  12. : do not
    (eumhun reading: (mal mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨo))
  13. : mu (unit of land)
    (eumhun reading: 이랑 (irang mu))
    (MC reading: (MC məuX))
  14. : caress
    (eumhun reading: 어루만질 (eorumanjil mu))
    (MC reading: (MC pʰɨoX))
  15. : coarse
    (eumhun reading: 거칠 (geochil mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨo))
  16. : deceive
    (eumhun reading: 속일 (sogil mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨo))
  17. : thumb
    (eumhun reading: 엄지 (eomji mu))
    (MC reading: (MC məuX))
  18. : interlock
    (eumhun reading: 얽을 (eolgeul mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨu, miɪu, miɪuH, mɨuk̚))
  19. : type of jade
    (eumhun reading: (okdol mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoX))
  20. : unclear
    (eumhun reading: 불명할 (bulmyeonghal mu))
    (MC reading: )
  21. : residence
    (eumhun reading: (jip mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoX))
  22. : strip of meat
    (eumhun reading: (po mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨo, huo, mɨoX))
  23. : gallop
    (eumhun reading: 달릴 (dallil mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoH))
  24. : dance
    (eumhun reading: (chumchul mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoX))
  25. : lush
    (eumhun reading: 무성할 (museonghal mu))
    (MC reading: (MC məuH))
  26. : lush
    (eumhun reading: 무성할 (museonghal mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɑu, məuH))
  27. : caress
    (eumhun reading: 어루만질 (eorumanjil mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨo, mɨoX))
  28. : caress
    (eumhun reading: 어루만질 (eorumanjil mu))
    (MC reading: (MC mɨoX))

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lee, Ki-Moon; Ramsey, S. Robert (2011) A History of the Korean Language, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 147