See also: , , and
U+5DF1, 己
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF1

[U+5DF0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DF2]
U+2F30, ⼰
KANGXI RADICAL ONESELF

[U+2F2F]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F31]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 49, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 尸山 (SU), four-corner 17717, composition 𠃍)

  1. Kangxi radical #49, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №518

Derived characters edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for :
[[wikisource:zh:康熙字典/己部/己部#己|己部/己部]]

Wikisource


  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 326, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 630, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 983, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5DF1

Baekje edit

Noun edit

(*kɨ) (Nihon shoki or )

  1. walled settlement
    Synonyms: (xol), サシ (casI)

Descendants edit

  • Old Japanese: (ki2)
    • Japanese: (ki)

References edit

  • John Bentley (2000), “New Look at Paekche and Korean: Data from Nihon shoki”, in Language Research[1], volume 36, issue 2, Seoul National University, pages 417—443
  • Alexander Vovin (2005), “Koguryo and Paekche: Different Languages or Dialects of Old Korean?”, in Journal of Inner and East Asian Studies, volume 2, issue 2, Koguryo Research Foundation, pages 108—140
  • Alexander Vovin (2013), “From Koguryo to T'amna”, in Korean Linguistics[2], volume 15, issue 2, John Benjamins Publishing Company, pages 222—240

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𢀒
 
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Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Pictogram (象形) – silk rope for binding objects. Original form of (OC *kɯʔ). The character must not be confused with 已 and 巳.

Etymology edit

Unknown (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note: kī - vernacular, kí - literary.
Note: gi7 - used in 家己.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter kiX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨX/
Li
Rong
/kiəX/
Wang
Li
/kĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gei2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kiX › ‹ kiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)əʔ/ /*k(r)əʔ/
English 6th heavenly stem self

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5765
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. self; oneself
  2. personal; private
  3. the sixth of the ten heavenly stems
  4. a surname

Coordinate terms edit

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Pronunciation 2 edit

Definitions edit

  1. Only used in 潮州音樂——自己顧自己潮州音乐——自己顾自己.

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. itself, oneself

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Usage notes edit

Used in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE) as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨ko2 and ⟨go2.

Etymology 1 edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC kiX).

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

() (Ki

  1. the sixth of the ten heavenly stems
    Hypernym: 十干 (Jikkan)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
つちのと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Originally a compound of (tsuchi, earth, one of the Chinese five elements) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (oto, younger brother).

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

(つちのと) (Tsuchinoto

  1. the sixth of the ten heavenly stems
    Hypernym: 十干 (Jikkan)

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
おのれ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

From (ono, reflexive or first-person pronoun, see below) +‎ (re, thing, demonstrative nominalizer ending).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

(おのれ) (onore

  1. reflexive pronoun: oneself
  2. first-person pronoun: I, me
  3. second-person pronoun: you (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    Synonyms: お前 (omae), 貴様 (kisama)
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Adverb edit

(おのれ) (onore

  1. by oneself
    Synonyms: 自然に (shizen ni), 独りでに (hitori de ni)

Interjection edit

(おのれ) (onore

  1. An interjection expressing anger or chagrin

Etymology 4 edit

Kanji in this term
おの
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Seemingly akin to Miyako ッヴァ (vva, 2nd person singular pronoun). See also うぬ (unu) and うな (una).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

(おの) (ono

  1. reflexive pronoun: oneself
  2. first-person pronoun: I, me
    Synonyms: (watakushi), (ware)
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Etymology 5 edit

Kanji in this term
おれ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

(おれ) (ore

  1. Alternative spelling of (ore): first-person pronoun: I, me
Derived terms edit

Etymology 6 edit

Kanji in this term
おら
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun edit

(おら) (ora

  1. first-person pronoun: I, me

Etymology 7 edit

Kanji in this term
うぬ
Grade: 6
irregular

Sound shift from ono (see above).[1]

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Pronunciation for pronoun senses unknown.

Pronoun edit

(うぬ) (unu

  1. second-person pronoun: you
  2. reflexive pronoun: oneself
    Synonym: 自分自身 (jibun-jishin)
Derived terms edit

Interjection edit

(うぬ) (unu

  1. (vulgar) you!; you blockhead!

Etymology 8 edit

Kanji in this term
うら
Grade: 6
irregular

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun edit

(うら) (ura

  1. first-person pronoun: I, me

Etymology 9 edit

Kanji in this term
おどれ
Grade: 6
irregular

Sound shift from onore (see above).[1]

Pronoun edit

(おどれ) (odore

  1. second-person pronoun: you
    Synonyms: (unu), 貴様 (kisama)

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tadao Yamada, Takeshi Shibata, Kenji Sakai, Yasuo Kuramochi, Akio Yamada, Zendō Uwano, Masahiro Ijima, and Hiroyuki Sasahara, editors (2011) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Seventh edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 자기 (jagi gi))

  1. Hanja form? of (self).

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: kỷ, kỉ, kỳ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.