See also: and
U+5DF1, 己
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF1

[U+5DF0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DF2]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 49, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 尸山 (SU), four-corner 17717, composition𠃍)

  1. Kangxi radical #49, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №518

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for :

Wikisource


  • KangXi: page 326, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 630, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 983, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5DF1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Pictogram (象形) – silk rope for binding objects. Original form of (OC *kɯʔ).

EtymologyEdit

Unknown (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note: kī - vernacular, kí - literary.
Note: gi7 - used in 家己.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨX/
Li
Rong
/kiəX/
Wang
Li
/kĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kiX › ‹ kiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)əʔ/ /*k(r)əʔ/
English 6th heavenly stem self

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5765
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. self; oneself
  2. personal; private
  3. the sixth of the ten heavenly stems
  4. A surname​.

Coordinate termsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. itself, oneself

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Used in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE) as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨i⟩, ⟨ko2, and ⟨go2.

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MCX).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

() (Ki

  1. the sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems
    Hypernym: 十干 (Jikkan)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
つちのと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Originally a compound of (tsuchi, earth, one of the Chinese five elements) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (oto, younger brother).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(つちのと) (Tsuchinoto

  1. the sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems
    Hypernym: 十干 (Jikkan)

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
おのれ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

From (ono, reflexive or first-person pronoun, see below) +‎ (re, thing, demonstrative nominalizer ending).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

(おのれ) (onore

  1. reflexive pronoun: oneself
  2. first-person pronoun: I, me
  3. second-person pronoun: you (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    Synonyms: お前 (omae), 貴様 (kisama)
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

AdverbEdit

(おのれ) (onore

  1. by oneself
    Synonyms: 自然に (shizen ni), 独りでに (hitori de ni)

InterjectionEdit

(おのれ) (onore

  1. An interjection expressing anger or chagrin

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
おの
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronounEdit

(おの) (ono

  1. reflexive pronoun: oneself
  2. first-person pronoun: I, me
    Synonyms: (watakushi), (ware)
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
おれ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

(おれ) (ore

  1. Alternative spelling of (ore): first-person pronoun: I, me
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
おら
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronounEdit

(おら) (ora

  1. first-person pronoun: I, me

Etymology 7Edit

Kanji in this term
うぬ
Grade: 6
Irregular

Sound shift from ono (see above).[1]

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • Pronunciation for pronoun senses unknown.

PronounEdit

(うぬ) (unu

  1. second-person pronoun: you
  2. reflexive pronoun: oneself
    Synonym: 自分自身 (jibun-jishin)
Derived termsEdit

InterjectionEdit

(うぬ) (unu

  1. (vulgar) you!; you blockhead!

Etymology 8Edit

Kanji in this term
うら
Grade: 6
Irregular

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronounEdit

(うら) (ura

  1. first-person pronoun: I, me

Etymology 9Edit

Kanji in this term
おどれ
Grade: 6
Irregular

Sound shift from onore (see above).[1]

PronounEdit

(おどれ) (odore

  1. second-person pronoun: you
    Synonyms: (unu), 貴様 (kisama)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 자기 (jagi gi))

  1. Hanja form? of (self).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kỷ, kỉ, anh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.