See also: and
U+5DF3, 巳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF3

[U+5DF2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DF4]
U+2E92, ⺒
CJK RADICAL SNAKE

[U+2E91]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2E93]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 49, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 口山 (RU), four-corner 77717, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 326, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8744
  • Dae Jaweon: page 631, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 984, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5DF3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Two different theories:

  • Pictogram (象形) of a snake (therefore, it should be similar to 巴). This theory is found in the Shuowen Jiezi;
  • Pictogram (象形) of a fetus (it can be seen in 包, 胞. In 包, the radical should represent the placenta. 胞 today means "cell").

The character is similar to 已, which cannot be found in the Shuowen Jiezi.

Etymology 1Edit

(OC s-ləʔ) displaced (OC tsəʔ), the original sixth earthly branch which denoted the moon's "coming forth" stage (i.e. early waning-gibbous phase) "due to phonological closeness (combined with the semantic opacity of the Branch terms at later eras)" (Smith, 2011).

Association with the snake was possibly arbitrary, analogous to how , the fifth earthly branch, was arbitrarily associated with the dragon (Ferlus, 2013).

PronunciationEdit


Note: chī - vernacular, sū - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (17)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/zɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/zieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zɨX/
Li
Rong
/ziəX/
Wang
Li
/zĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ziX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ziX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-[ɢ]əʔ/
English 6th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12007
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sixth of twelve earthly branches (十二支)
  2. snake () of Chinese zodiac
Coordinate termsEdit
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to stop; to finish; already; have done something”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. sign of the snake

ReadingsEdit

  • Go-on: (ji)
  • Kan-on: (shi)
  • Kun: (mi, )

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Short for (hemi, snake)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

() (Mi

  1. the Snake, the sixth of the twelve Earthly Branches

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (ziX)

Proper nounEdit

() (Shi

  1. the Snake, the sixth of the twelve Earthly Branches

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune–Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. the hours from 9 to 11
  2. 6th terrestrial branch

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: tị

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.