See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +18, 21 strokes, cangjie input 心月山土 (PBUG), four-corner 96014, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 408, character 43
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11488
  • Dae Jaweon: page 750, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2371, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+61FC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷas): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʷas, *ɡʷa).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɡioH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ʷ(r)a(k)-s/
English fear (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7151
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷas/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to fear; to be afraid
  2. to scare; to frighten

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cụ)

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