See also: 杀人

ChineseEdit

to kill; to murder; to slaughter man; person; people
trad. (殺人)
simp. (杀人)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (21) (38)
Final () (75) (43)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠɛt̚/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚæt̚/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃæt̚/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂəɨt̚/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/ʃɛt̚/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ʃæt̚/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂat̚/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sha rén
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
saat3 jan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shā rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ srɛt › ‹ nyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*s<r>at/ /*ni[ŋ]/
English kill (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
No. 11010 10800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sreːd/ /*njin/

VerbEdit

殺⫽人 (verb-object)

  1. (intransitive) to kill someone
    殺人凶器 / 杀人凶器  ―  shārén xiōngqì  ―  murder weapon
    墮胎殺人 / 堕胎杀人  ―  Duòtāi shì shārén ma?  ―  Is abortion murder?

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (殺人):
  • Japanese: 殺人(さつじん) (satsujin)
  • Korean: 살인 (殺人, sarin)
  • Vietnamese: sát nhân (殺人)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
さつ
Grade: 5
じん
Grade: 1
kan’on
Alternative spelling
殺人 (kyūjitai)
 殺人 on Japanese Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From (satsu, killing) +‎ (jin, human)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(さつ)(じん) (satsujin

  1. homicide, especially murder
    (さつ)(じん)()(けん)
    satsujin jiken
    a murder case
    • 1995 June 1 [Feb 17 1993], Kanari, Yōzaburō; Satō, Fumiya, “ファイル1 オペラ()(かん)(さつ)(じん)()(けん) [File 1: The Opera House Murder Case ①]”, in (きん)()(いち)(しょう)(ねん)()(けん)簿() [Young Kindaichi Case Files], volume 1 (fiction), 14th edition, Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN, page 70:
      これは()()なんかじゃない‥!(さつ)(じん)だ‼()(だか)(おり)()(ころ)されたんだ!
      Kore wa jiko nan ka ja nai‥! Satsujin da‼ Hidaka Orie wa korosaretan da!
      This was no accident...! It was a murder‼ Hidaka Orie was killed by someone!
    • 2014 December 17, Yoshitoki, Ōima, “(だい)59() (しん)() [Chapter 59: Futures]”, in (こえ)(かたち) [A Voice's Shape], volume 7 (fiction), Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN, page 126:
      と (とう)(きょう)(こわ)いよ⁉(はん)(ざい)(おお)いし(さつ)(じん)()(けん)もあるのに!(おんな)()ひとりでさー‼(へん)(ひと)にからまれるよ⁉
      To Tōkyō wa kowai yo⁉ Hanzai ōi shi satsujin jiken mo aru no ni! Onna no ko hitori de sā‼ Hen na hito ni karamareru yo⁉
      To… Tōkyō's dangerous, you see⁉ Lots of crimes, lots of murders! A girl living there alone‼ You could get attracted by shady people‼

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

殺人 (sarin) (hangeul 살인)

  1. Hanja form? of 살인 (murder; killing; homicide).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

殺人

  1. Hán tự form of sát nhân (murderer; killer).