See also:
U+76E4, 盤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76E4

[U+76E3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76E5]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 108, +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹水月廿 (HEBT), four-corner 27107, composition )

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 796, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1211, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2568, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+76E4

Chinese

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trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Min Nan

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *baːn) : phonetic (OC *praːn, *paːn, *baːn) + semantic .

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • pôaⁿ - vernacular;
  • poân/phoân - literary.
Note:
  • buan5 - vernacular;
  • puêng5/puang5 - literary (puêng5 - Chaozhou).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter ban
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/bʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/buɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwan/
Li
Rong
/buɑn/
Wang
Li
/buɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
pun4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ban ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˁan/
English tray, basin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 232
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baːn/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. tray; plate; dish
      ―  pán  ―  porcelain plate
      ―  chápán  ―  tea tray
  2. any object shaped like a tray or plate
      ―  jiànpán  ―  keyboard
      ―  suànpán  ―  abacus
      ―  pán  ―  turf; territory
  3. (obsolete, historical) washbasin (broad and shallow water-vessel for ablution)
  4. to check; to examine
      ―  pánchá  ―  to inspect; to search for information, illicit items, etc.
      ―  pánwèn  ―  to interrogate
  5. to check the number or amount of; to calculate
  6. to twist; to coil up
      ―  pántuǐ  ―  to cross one's legs
      ―  pánxuán  ―  to circle
    頭髮头发  ―  pán tóufà  ―  to put hair up into a bun or coil
    樹枝 [MSC, trad.]
    树枝 [MSC, simp.]
    shùzhī shàng pán zhe yī tiáo shé [Pinyin]
    there is a snake coiled on the branch
  7. to build (by laying bricks, stones, etc.)
  8. to transfer the ownership of
  9. to transport; to carry
  10. (finance, chiefly in compounds) financial market
      ―  pán  ―  overall market trends
      ―  shōupánjià  ―  closing price
  11. (Hong Kong) property on sale (Classifier: )
    [Cantonese]  ―  san1 pun4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  real estate project that is newly released to the market
    [Cantonese]  ―  seon2 pun4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  worthy property
    銀主银主 [Cantonese]  ―  ngan4 zyu2 pun4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  property subject to foreclosure
  12. (computing, chiefly Mainland China) disk; hard drive; storage device
      ―  ruǎnpán  ―  floppy disk
      ―  wǎngpán  ―  cloud drive
  13. Classifier for dishes, millstones, etc.
      ―  liǎng pán cài  ―  two dishes
    石磨石磨  ―  pán shímó  ―  a millstone
  14. Classifier for things that coil: reel
    蚊香蚊香  ―  pán wénxiāng  ―  a mosquito coil
    磁帶磁带  ―  pán cídài  ―  a reel of tape
  15. Classifier for sessions of board or ball game.
    圍棋围棋  ―  pán wéiqí  ―  a game of go
      ―  sān pán liǎng shèng  ―  best of three
    Synonym: ()
  16. (board games) match; game
      ―  zhōngpánshèng  ―  win by opponent's resignation (literally, "mid-game win")
  17. (Cantonese) Classifier for businesses or accounts.
    生意 [Cantonese, trad.]
    生意 [Cantonese, simp.]
    keoi5 nam2 zyu6 maai6 zo2 pun4 saang1 ji3 keoi5. [Jyutping]
    He wants to sell his business.
    平時 [Cantonese, trad.]
    平时 [Cantonese, simp.]
    ping4 si4 jau5 mou5 jan4 bong1 nei5 tai2 zyu6 pun4 sou3 aa3? [Jyutping]
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  18. (Mainland China Hokkien) having more benefits than harms; worthwhile; profitable; being value for money; affordable
  19. (Taiwanese Mandarin, slang, of goods) overpriced
    See also: 盤子
  20. (Shanghainese) to flirt with; to pick up
  21. a surname

Usage notes

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As for the surname, it mostly appears among She people.

Synonyms

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  • (having more benefits than harms):
  • (storage device):
  • (to pick up):

See also

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Compounds

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Further reading

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings

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Suffix

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(ばん) (-ban

  1. disc, clock face
  2. tray
  3. board, grid

Affix

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(ばん) (-ban

  1. (music) record, disc

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC ban).

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 소반(小盤) )

  1. Hanja form? of (disc).
  2. Hanja form? of (tray; dish).
  3. Hanja form? of (plot; territory).
  4. Hanja form? of (match; game).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Việt readings: bàn[1]
: Nôm readings: bàn[1], mâm[2], ván

  1. chữ Hán form of bàn (table, desk).
  2. chữ Hán form of bàn (territory, area of land).
  3. Nôm form of bàn, ván (classifier for games).
  4. Nôm form of mâm (food tray).

References

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