See also: and
U+9805, 項
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9805

[U+9804]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9806]
U+32A0, ㊠
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH ITEM

[U+329F]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+32A1]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 181, +3, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一一月金 (MMBC), four-corner 11186, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1399, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43343
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1915, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4356, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9805

Chinese edit

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɡroːŋʔ): phonetic (OC *koːŋ) + semantic (head).

Pronunciation edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /xaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /xɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /xɑŋ¹³/
/ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /xɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /xaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /xaŋ¹³/
/ɕiaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /xaŋ²¹³/
/ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /xã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕiaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ³⁵/
/ɕyə³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕiɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɑ̃²³/
Suzhou /ɦɑ̃³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦɑŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦuɔ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /xa³⁵/
Tunxi /xau²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /xɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /hɔŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /hoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔŋ²²/
Nanning /hɔŋ²²/
Hong Kong /hɔŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /haŋ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɔuŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /haŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter haewngX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠʌŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚɔŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɔŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨwŋX/
Li
Rong
/ɣɔŋX/
Wang
Li
/ɣɔŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɔŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hong6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hæwngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁroŋʔ/
English neck

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4019
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡroːŋʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. nape of neck
  2. neck
      ―  xiàngliàn  ―  necklace
  3. item
      ―  shìxiàng  ―  matter
  4. Classifier for items, tasks, principles, clauses, etc.
    任務任务  ―  xiàng rènwù  ―  a task
    代誌代志 [Hokkien]  ―  chi̍t hāng tāi-chì [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  a matter
    性激素性激素  ―  xìngjīsù liù xiàng  ―  six hormones checked in a hormone test
    審議审议  ―  zhú xiàng shěnyì  ―  to review item by item
  5. sum of money
  6. (mathematics) term
      ―  duōxiàngshì  ―  polynomial
  7. (law) count (charge)
  8. (Hakka) on; above
    [Sixian Hakka]  ―  chok hong [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  on the desk
  9. a surname: Xiang

Synonyms edit

  • (neck):

Compounds edit

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
うなじ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
うなじ
[noun] nape (back of the neck)
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
うな
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
うな
[prefix] of the neck or nape
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 3 edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC haewngX).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(こう) (かう (kau)?

  1. section
  2. (mathematics) term
  3. (linguistics) argument

References edit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC haewngX).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅘᅡᇰ〯 (Yale: hhǎng)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] (Yale: mwòk) 하ᇰ〯 (Yale: hǎng)

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ha̠(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 항목(項目) (hangmok hang))

  1. Hanja form? of (clause, section; item (in a list)). [noun]
  2. Hanja form? of ((mathematics) term). [noun]

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: hạng, háng, hảng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.