TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
竊-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) - many (廿) termites () taking grain () and hiding it in their nest (), hence the definitions "secretly", "stealthily", "to steal". In modern form, 米 looks like because 廿 has become one stroke and merged with 米.

Han characterEdit

(radical 116 +17, 22 strokes, cangjie input 十金竹木月 (JCHDB), four-corner 30927)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 870, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25713
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1299, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2747, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7ACA

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (竊), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 屑
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 千結切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰet̚/ /t͡sʰiet̚/ /t͡sʰet̚/ /t͡sʰet̚/ /t͡sʰɛt̚/ /t͡sʰiet̚/ /t͡sʰɛt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiè ‹ tshet › /*[tsʰ]ˤet/ steal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10472 2 /*sʰleːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. secretly, stealthily
  2. steal
  3. thief



JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. to steal (“nusumu” reading)
  2. secret; hushed, quietly (“hisoka” reading)

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Not used in modern Japanese. Superseded by the 新字体 ‎(shinjitai, new form) of .


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeol) (hangeul , revised jeol, McCune-Reischauer chŏl, Yale cel)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thiết)

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